Constructive Conflicts: From Escalation to Resolution

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Rowman & Littlefield, 2007 - Social Science - 435 pages
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A fourth edition of this textbook is now available. This popular, highly regarded, and comprehensive book synthesizes pertinent theories and evidence about diverse conflicts. Kriesberg examines the strategies that partisans and intermediaries can use to minimize the destructiveness of these conflicts. Not only does he examine large-scale forces that affect the various stages of conflict, but also the elements that contribute to constructive transformations at each stage. The diverse conflicts discussed are; the American civil rights struggle, the struggle for women's rights, apartheid in South Africa, labor-management relations, Palestinian-Israeli relations, protecting the environment, the Cold War, and countering terrorism, as well as conflicts in Northern Ireland, Chiapas, Mexico, and Sri Lanka. In addition to updating the conflicts examined in earlier editions, this new edition examines current issues, pertaining to ethical concerns, ideological and religious developments, and the changing global role of the United States.
 

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Contents

Analyzing Social Conflicts
1
Defining Social Conflicts
2
Question about Social Conflicts
4
Varieties of Conflicts
6
Stages of Conflicts
20
Conclusions
22
Bases of Social Conflicts
27
Theoretical Explanations
28
Processes of Deescalation
188
Changing Conditions
196
Deescalation Policies
204
Conclusions
220
Mediation in Conflicts
228
Activities
229
Social Roles
236
Contributions of Mediation
246

Internal Factors
29
System Context
35
Relations between Adversaries
38
Synthesis
43
The Emergence of Conflicts
53
Identities of Self and Other
55
Grievance
62
Forming Contentious Goals
74
Believing Redness is Possible
82
Conclusions
86
Varieties of Conflict Strategies
95
Types of Inducements
96
Strategies and Modes of Struggle
102
Illustrative Strategies
107
Conclusions
119
Adopting Conflict Strategies
125
Partisan Characteristics
128
Relations between Adversaries
138
Social Context
144
Conclusions
148
Escalation of Conflicts
155
Processes of Escalation
156
Polices and Conditions Shaping Escalation
164
Conclusions
179
Deescalation of Conflicts
187
Conclusions
252
Negotiation in Settling Conflicts
262
Theories and Strategies of Negotiation
272
Forms and Stages of Negotiations
280
Conclusions
289
Transformation of Conflicts
294
Shaping Settlements and Conflict Sequences
296
Changes in Conflict Components
309
Strategies to Maximize Constructive Transformations
313
Conclusions
327
LongTerm and Indirect Consequences
334
Internal Consequences
337
Consequences for the Social Contexts
348
Conclusions
355
Synthesis Specifications and Implications
361
Specifications
372
Implications
380
Conclusions
385
Selected Organizations in the Field of Constructive Conflicts
393
Selected Websites Relating to Social Conflicts
396
Subject Index
399
Author Index
423
About the Author
435
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About the author (2007)

Louis Kriesberg is professor emeritus of sociology and Maxwell Professor Emeritus of Social Conflict Studies at Syracuse University. He was founding director of the Program on the Analysis and Resolution of Conflicts (1986-1994) and continues as an associate of PARC. In addition to over 100 book chapters and articles, his published books include: Social Processes in International Relations (ed.), Mothers in Poverty, Social Conflicts, Research in Social Movements, Conflicts and Change (ed., Vols. 1-14, 1978-1992) and Social Inequality. He was President of the Society for the Study of Social Problems (1983-1984), and he lectures, consults, and provides training regarding conflict resolution, security issues, and peace studies.

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