Journeys in Holy Lands: The Evolution of the Abraham-Ishmael Legends in Islamic Exegesis
Scholars have long pointed to the great affinity between stories found in the Bible and the Qur'an, yet no explanation has been proposed that satisfactorily explains the odd combination of incredible likeness and unique divergence. Firestone provides a refreshing, new approach to scriptural issues of textuality, exegesis, and the origins and use of legend.
This book clearly presents the full range of Islamic legends from the Qur'an and early Islamic exegesis about Abraham's journeys and adventures in the Land of Canaan and Arabia, many of them available for the first time in English translation. The author examines this broad sample of Islamic legends in relation to those found in Jewish, Christian, and pre-Islamic Arabian communities, and postulates an evolutionary journey of the literature. He presents a thorough textual analysis of the material and proposes a model for understanding early Islamic narrative based in literary theory, approaches to comparative religion, and the history of the pre-Islamic and early Islamic Middle East.
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BIBLICISTS AND ARABS
THE NATURE OF THE LITERATURE
The Syrian Prologue
THE BIRTH OF ISHMAEL
THE ANGELS VISIT
PRELUDE TO SACRIFICE
THE SACRIFICIAL ACT
ISAAC OR ISHMAEL?
THE EXEGETES AND THEIR SOURCES
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Abd al-Muttalib Abdallah Abraham and Ishmael Abraham-Ishmael Abraham's emigration Abu Hurayra Al-Azraqi al-Din al-Hasan al-Jamra al-Qumml al-Sha'bl al-Suddl al-Tabari al-Tha'labi al-Ya'qubl Al-Zamakhshari angels anonymous Arabian attributed to Ibn Beersheba Bible biblical Biblicist Biblicist legends birth Black Stone building the Ka'ba caliph Chapter Christian commanded Commentary connection evolved exegesis exegetes father Gabriel Genesis God's hadith Hagar Hagar and Ishmael Hajj Haran Hebrew History ibid Ibn Abbas Ibn Abbas version Ibn al-Athir Ibn Ishaq Ibn Kathir Ibn Sa'd Ikrima intended sacrifice intended victim Isaac Ishmael Islamic Israelite Jerusalem Jewish Jews Jurhum Ka'b al-Ahbar Ka'ba lapidation literature Lord Maqam Maqam Ibrahim Mecca monotheistic motif Muhammad Mujahid Mujir Muslim narrative traditions oral original parallels Pilgrimage pre-Islamic Arab Prophet Qatada Qur'an records of authentication refers religious rendition ritual sakina Sarah Satan says Shi'ite sources story Syria tells tion traditionists Tyrant Umar verse Zamzam