MP3: The Meaning of a Format

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Duke University Press, Jul 17, 2012 - Computers - 341 pages
MP3: The Meaning of a Format recounts the hundred-year history of the world's most common format for recorded audio. Understanding the historical meaning of the MP3 format entails rethinking the place of digital technologies in the larger universe of twentieth-century communication history, from hearing research conducted by the telephone industry in the 1910s, through the mid-century development of perceptual coding (the technology underlying the MP3), to the format's promiscuous social life since the mid 1990s.

MP3s are products of compression, a process that removes sounds unlikely to be heard from recordings. Although media history is often characterized as a progression toward greater definition, fidelity, and truthfulness, MP3: The Meaning of a Format illuminates the crucial role of compression in the development of modern media and sound culture. Taking the history of compression as his point of departure, Jonathan Sterne investigates the relationships among sound, silence, sense, and noise; the commodity status of recorded sound and the economic role of piracy; and the importance of standards in the governance of our emerging media culture. He demonstrates that formats, standards, and infrastructures—and the need for content to fit inside them—are every bit as central to communication as the boxes we call "media."

 

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User Review  - rivkat - LibraryThing

The book is more than half over by the time the author actually gets to the MP3; the rest is prehistory—how the demands of business led researchers to investigate how human ears actually heard and ... Read full review

Contents

Format Theory
1
1 Perceptual Technics
32
2 Nature Builds No Telephones
61
3 Perceptual Coding and the Domestication of Noise
92
4 Making a Standard
128
5 Of MPEG Measurement and Men
148
6 Is Music a Thing?
184
The End of MP3
227
Notes
247
List of Interviews
295
Bibliography
299
Index
331
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About the author (2012)

Jonathan Sterne teaches in the Department of Art History and Communication Studies, and the History and Philosophy of Science Program at McGill University. He is the author of the award-winning book The Audible Past: Cultural Origins of Sound Reproduction, also published by Duke University Press, and the editor of The Sound Studies Reader. Sterne has written for Tape Op, Punk Planet, Bad Subjects, and other alternative press venues. He also makes music and other audio works. Visit his website at http: //sterneworks.org.

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