Land, Labor and the Origins of the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict, 1882-1914
Gershon Shafir challenges the heroic myths about the foundation of the State of Israel by investigating the struggle to control land and labor during the early Zionist enterprise. He argues that it was not the imported Zionist ideas that were responsible for the character of the Israeli state, but the particular conditions of the local conflict between the European "settlers" and the Palestinian Arab population.
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Agudat Netaitn and the planters interests
The meeting in the labor market
The Palestine Office and conflict over access to land
Demands and identity of Yemenite Jews
Israeli nation formation
Between trade unions and political parties 19051914
From conquest of labor to conquest of land the identity of soldier and settler 19071914
The unintended means cooperative settlement 19101914
Tax reform and land tenure
New settlement and demographic patterns
The implications for Jewish settlement
From land to labor unequal competition and the conquest of labor strategy
The alternative labor forces
The dynamics of the struggle
The effects of the conquest of labor strategy
Conquest of labor and the foundations of Israeli nationalism
The Ottoman monetary system
The failed experiment natural workers from Yemen 19091914
The Yavnieli mission
The pure settlement methodology of the World Zionist Organization
The origins of the kibbutz
The predominance of the kibbutz in Israeli state formation
Conclusion Israeli nationalism and the IsraeliPalestinian conflict
The evolution of the IsraeliPalestinian conflict
The impact of Israeli state formation on Palestinian society
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agricultural laborers Agudat Netaim Aharon Eisenberg Aharonowitz Anita Shapira Arab workers Arthur Ruppin ashkenazi workers Ben-Zvi capitalist Congress conquest of labor cultivation Degania demand demographic Djunni dunams economic employment Eretz Israel established exclusive Jewish farm farmers francs Frankel Galilee German Giladi Gorny guards Haachdut Hadera Hagana Hapoel Hatzair Party Hashomer Hebrew labor Histadrut Hovevei Zion Ibid ideological initial Israeli nationalism Israeli society Itzhak Jaffa Jewish agricultural workers Jewish colonization Jewish immigrants Jewish labor Jewish settlement Jewish settlers kibbutz Kinneret Kolatt kvutza labor force labor market labor movement Letter major method moshava moshavot nation formation organization organizational Palestine Office Palestinian Arab period Petach Tikva piasters planters PLDC Poalei Zion political population pure settlement Rechovot Rishon Letzion Rothschild Second Aliya Sedjra social strategy struggle territorial unskilled Ussishkin vineyard wages World WZO's Yaacov Yavnieli Yemenite Jewish Yemenite Jews Yishuv Zionist
Page 11 - The answers themselves, however, are a different matter. No past experience, however rich, and no historical research, however thorough, can save the living generation the creative task of finding their own answers and shaping their own future.
Page 11 - The substance of nationalism as such is always morally, politically, humanly ambiguous. This is why moralizing perspectives on the phenomenon always fail, whether they praise or berate it.
Page 15 - restricting access to resources and opportunities to a limited circle of eligibles.
Page 11 - gave shape precisely to those aspects of their society which Israelis pride themselves on being most typically Israeli: the protracted hegemony of the labor movement, the close association of soldier and farmer, the cooperative forms of social and economic organization — but also the secondary status of Middle Eastern and North African Jews.