Land, Labor and the Origins of the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict, 1882-1914

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University of California Press, Aug 19, 1996 - History - 288 pages
Gershon Shafir challenges the heroic myths about the foundation of the State of Israel by investigating the struggle to control land and labor during the early Zionist enterprise. He argues that it was not the imported Zionist ideas that were responsible for the character of the Israeli state, but the particular conditions of the local conflict between the European "settlers" and the Palestinian Arab population.
 

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Contents

Introduction
11
Settlement and nationalism
11
Frontier and land
12
Frontier and labor
14
Settlement and Palestine
17
The framework of dependent development in the Ottoman Empire
22
dependency and reform
25
Agricultural expansion
28
Agudat Netaitn and the planters interests
96
The meeting in the labor market
106
The Palestine Office and conflict over access to land
111
Demands and identity of Yemenite Jews
116
Israeli nation formation
120
Between trade unions and political parties 19051914
123
From conquest of labor to conquest of land the identity of soldier and settler 19071914
135
The unintended means cooperative settlement 19101914
146

Tax reform and land tenure
30
New settlement and demographic patterns
36
The implications for Jewish settlement
41
From land to labor unequal competition and the conquest of labor strategy
45
The alternative labor forces
50
The dynamics of the struggle
58
The effects of the conquest of labor strategy
69
Conquest of labor and the foundations of Israeli nationalism
78
The Ottoman monetary system
90
The failed experiment natural workers from Yemen 19091914
91
The Yavnieli mission
92
The pure settlement methodology of the World Zionist Organization
147
The origins of the kibbutz
165
The predominance of the kibbutz in Israeli state formation
181
Conclusion Israeli nationalism and the IsraeliPalestinian conflict
187
The evolution of the IsraeliPalestinian conflict
198
The impact of Israeli state formation on Palestinian society
211
Notes
221
Glossary
258
Bibliography
261
Index
278
Copyright

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Page 11 - The answers themselves, however, are a different matter. No past experience, however rich, and no historical research, however thorough, can save the living generation the creative task of finding their own answers and shaping their own future.
Page 13 - the public domain has been a force of profound importance in the nationalization and development of the government,
Page 11 - The substance of nationalism as such is always morally, politically, humanly ambiguous. This is why moralizing perspectives on the phenomenon always fail, whether they praise or berate it.
Page 15 - restricting access to resources and opportunities to a limited circle of eligibles.
Page 11 - gave shape precisely to those aspects of their society which Israelis pride themselves on being most typically Israeli: the protracted hegemony of the labor movement, the close association of soldier and farmer, the cooperative forms of social and economic organization — but also the secondary status of Middle Eastern and North African Jews.

About the author (1996)

Gershon Shafir is Professor of Sociology at the University of California, San Diego. He is author of Immigrants and Nationalists and editor of The Citizenship Debates.

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