From Asculum to Actium: The Municipalization of Italy from the Social War to Augustus
Rome's once independent Italian allies became communities of a new Roman territorial state after the Social War of 91-87 BC. Edward Bispham examines how the transition from independence to subordination was managed, and how, between the opposing tensions of local particularism, competing traditions and identities, aspirations for integration, cultural change, and indifference from Roman central authorities, something new and dynamic appeared in the jaded world of the late Republic. Bispham charts the successes and failures of the attempts to make a new political community (Roman Italy), and new Roman citizens scattered across the peninsula - a dramatic and important story in that, while Italy was being built, Rome was falling apart; and while the Roman Republic fell, the Italian municipal system endured, and made possible the government, and even the survival, of the Roman empire in the West.
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Pompeii and Other Double Communities
The Roman Republican Municipia
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Aeclanum aediles ager Romanus allies Appian Aquileia argued Athenaeum attested Augustan period Bantina Brundisium Caesar Caesarian Campania chapter Cicero CIL i2 CIL xi Cisalpina Citizenship2 Coarelli cognomen communities conciliabula context decurions Degrassi duovirate elites enfranchisement Epigrafia epigraphic Etruria Etruria and Umbria Etruscan evidence Extat Festus funerary Gabba Gaius Galsterer Herrschaft ibid IIII uir ILLRP important inscription Italia romana Italian Italy juridical jurisdiction later Latin colonies leges letter lex coloniae Genetiuae lex Flauia lex Iulia lex Tarentina Lintott Livy Lucius magisterial magistracy magistrates mentioned Mommsen Mouritsen municipal municipia municipium Oscan perhaps political Polybios Pompeii populi possible praefectura praetor probably quattuorvirate refer Republic republican res publica Roman citizens Rome Samnites Samnium seems Senate settlement Sherwin-White Social Social War status suggests Sullan tabula Heracleensis Tarentum terra Italia Torelli town tribes triumviral uir(i uiri i. d. Umbria Unification vote