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action Adams admiral advantages alliance allies American army American cause American colonies American commissioners American Revolution arrived Arthur Lee asked assistance Beaumarchais Broglie campaign capture Chesapeake Chesapeake Bay colonists command Comte Comte de Grasse condition Congress d'Estaing Deane decided declared demands desire Doniol enemy England English enthusiasm excited expedition favor Fayette Fayette's France Franklin French fleet French government French King French minister French officers furnished Gibraltar Grasse honor hope Hortalez and Company important independence interest Island Kalb La Fayette land letter liberty Lord Stormont Louis XVI March Marquis Marquis de Lafayette ment million livres nation negotiations Newport obtain Paris patriots peace political ready received republic result Revolution Rochambeau sailed says seemed sent Shelburne ships soldiers soon Spain Spanish success thirteen colonies thousand tion treaty troops United Vergennes Vergennes's Vicomte de Rochambeau West Indies wrote York Yorktown young zeal
Page ix - The essential and direct end of the present defensive alliance is to maintain effectually the liberty, sovereignty, and independence absolute and unlimited, of the said United States, as well in matters of government as of commerce.
Page 133 - It would be difficult to describe the eagerness and the delight with which these men, the agents of a people in a state of insurrection against their monarch, were received in France, in the bosom of an ancient monarchy. Nothing could be more striking than the contrast between the luxury of our capital, the elegance of our fashions, the magnificence of Versailles, the still brilliant remains of the monarchical pride of Louis XIV, and the polished and superb dignity of our nobility, on the one hand...
Page 133 - Men imagined they saw in him a sage of antiquity, come back to give austere lessons and generous examples to the moderns. They personified in him the republic, of which he was the representative and the legislator. They regarded his virtues as those of his countrymen, and even judged of their physiognomy by the imposing and serene traits of his own.
Page 332 - I will take the liberty in this place to give it as my opinion, that a foreign loan is indispensably necessary to the continuance of the war. Congress will deceive themselves, if they imagine that the army, or a State that is the theatre of war, can rub through a second campaign as the last. It would be as unreasonable as to suppose, that, because a man had rolled a snow-ball till it had acquired the size of a horse, he might do so till it was as large as a house. Matters may be pushed to a certain...
Page 6 - I have seen nothing since I came here, on the 22d instant, to change my opinion of men or measures; but abundant reason to be convinced, that our affairs are in a more distressed, ruinous, and deplorable condition, than they have been since the commencement of the war.
Page 140 - His reputation was more universal than that of Leibnitz or Newton, Frederick or Voltaire, and his character more beloved and esteemed than any or all of them.
Page 490 - Nothing has been agreed in the preliminaries contrary to the interests of France; and no peace is to take place between us and England till you have concluded yours.
Page 283 - To me it will appear miraculous, if our affairs can maintain themselves much longer in their present train. If either the temper or the resources of the country will not admit of an alteration, we may expect soon to be reduced to the humiliating condition of seeing the cause of America, in America, upheld by foreign arms.
Page 460 - Congress surrendered their own sovereignty into the hands of a French minister. Blush! blush! ye guilty records ! blush and perish ! It is glory to have broken such infamous orders. Infamous, I say, for so they will be to all posterity. How can such a stain be washed out ? Can we cast a veil over it and forget it ? 24.