The Age of the Dromōn: The Byzantine Navy Ca 500-1204
This volume examines the development and evolution of the war galley known as the Dromon, and its relative, the Chelandion, from first appearance in the sixth century until its supercession in the twelfth century by the Galea developed in the Latin West. Beginning as a small, fully-decked, monoreme galley, by the tenth century the Dromon had become a bireme, the pre-eminent war galley of the Mediterranean. The salient features of these ships were their two-banked oarage system, the spurs at their bows which replaced the ram of classical antiquity, their lateen sails, and their primary weapon: Greek Fire. The book contextualizes the technical characteristics of the ships within the operational history of Byzantine fleets, logistical problems of medieval naval warfare, and strategic objectives. Surviving Byzantine sources, especially tactical manuals, are subjected to close literary and philological analysis.
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Preface and appreciations
Note on orthography translation citation and dating
Selective gazeteer of historical place names
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Aghlabids al-Andalus Almoravids Anonymous Appendix Five Appendix Four Appendix Three Arabic attack àvà battle Biblioteca bireme centimetres cerimoniis chelandia Chronicon Chronographia classical command Constantine VII Constantinople Cretan expedition Crete crews Dain deck defeated dromons Egypt eiç emperor enemy ship Figure galea galleys Greek Fire Haldon Hesychios Historia horse transports hull imperial ISBN 90 Italy John Kinnamos John Skylitzës Kibyrrhaiötai kilometres knots Latin liburnae manuscript mast medieval Mediterranean metres Muslim naval forces naval warfare Nikëphoros Ouranos oar-bank oarage system oars oarsmen Olympias Onomasticon Bethe Ouranos ousia ousiai Pollux probably Prokopios Pryor referred Rhös Roger of Lauria Roman rudders sails Scholia Sicily siphönes squadron stratëgos Synopsis historian tcôv tenth century Theophanës Theory and practice Thucydides toîç toùç tôv trireme tt|v Umayyad William of Tyre word xoùç xôv yàp ало ек ката лрос тас той