An International Protectorate of the Congo River
Pewtress & Company, 1883 - Congo - 19 pages
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advance Africa agree already amongst appears arrived ascend authority Banana bank become boats Boma Boolambemba Point branch Brazza British called Central channel Chiefs claim coast Coast of Africa Comité communicating concert concluded Congo River Consul Continent Convention Creek difficulties distance England English established Europe European European Governments exercise exist extends fact factories Falls of Yellala flag France French frequent further hand inasmuch interest interior of Africa International Commission INTERNATIONAL PROTECTORATE Internationale Island jurisdiction Kabenda King Makoko King of Congo known land leading Léopoldville Lower Congo merchant Middle miles mouth named native navigable neutralization northern northern shore object placed Point portion Portugal Portuguese Powers present pretensions prove Puerta da Lenha question recognised record regard rights of Sovereignty ship slave-trade slaves Stanley Pool station steamers subjects Suzerainty territory trade Treaty tribes various vassal vessel Vivi waters West Coast whilst Zaire
Page 16 - River, for the abolition of the traffic in slaves ; for the prevention of human sacrifices; for the encouragement of lawful commerce; for the protection of all white traders, more particularly British ; and for the punishment of all pirates and disturbers of the peace and good order of the River.
Page 19 - International accord, in the Protocol to the Triple Treaty .of London, of July 6, 1827, when Russia, France, and Great Britain entered into an alliance to bring about the Independence of Greece. It has been frequently adopted since that time by the European Powers as a preliminary to their conferences for the settlement of political difficulties in Asia and in Northern Africa. The experience of half a century may thus be invoked in favour of such an International Act, which, in the present moment,...
Page 9 - Malamine avec 2 matelots, reste à la garde du pavillon et est nommé provisoirement chef de la station française de Ncouna. Par l'envoi à Makoko de ce document fait en triple et revêtu de ma signature et du signe des chefs ses vassaux, je donne à Makoko, acte de ma prise de possession de cette partie de son territoire pour l'établissement d'une station française. Fait à Ncouna , dans les États de Makoko , le 3 octobre 1880.
Page 19 - Independence of Greece. It has been frequently adopted since that time by the European Powers as a preliminary to their conferences for the settlement of political difficulties in Asia and in Northern Africa. The experience of half a century may thus be invoked in favour of such an International Act, which, in the present moment, would allay all apprehension of a coming struggle amongst the European nationalities for the control of Nature's highway into Central Africa. The authority of a Suzerain...
Page 14 - River is there described by its native name of Zaire, and that the term " Congo " is used to signify the territory to the south of the River. This remark may serve to explain a passage in the Treaty, which is, at first sight, obscure, and has embarrassed several persons, where it speaks of the country " east north-east of Congo." I do not propose, on this occasion, to enter into any discussion of the claims of Portugal to Sovereignty over the coast to the south of the River Zaire. England has formally...
Page 11 - Association Internationale Africaine," and the Comité d'Etudes du Haut Congo, should by a common accord of Nations be recognised as neutral territory in the general interests of civilization and of humanity. The alternative proposals thus advocated by so eminent an authority are by no means of equal import, inasmuch as the neutralization of the Lower Congo in the acceptation of the term " neutralization,
Page 11 - Geraldine and of the massacre of her crew ; and in the sailing directions for the West Coast of Africa, published by order of the Lords Commissioners of the Admiralty of England, there is inserted the following caution : " The Missolonges, a tribe inhabiting the creeks about Boolambemba and Bull Island are very savage, and frequently attack merchant vessels and boats proceeding up the River without an escort.
Page 16 - States, whose subjects have factories on the banks of the Congo, should establish by a common concert an International Protectorate of the Lower Congo. Ever since the Congress of Vienna of 1815 proclaimed the liberty of the navigation of the great arterial rivers of Europe, and at the same time condemned the African slave-trade to a slow but certain extinction, Europe has hesitated, wisely it may be said, to apply to the great arterial rivers of Africa the same principle of public law which she has...
Page 8 - Falls of Yellala, where the River ceases to be navigable, and continues so for about fifty miles as far as the Cataract of Isanghila, where Stanley has- established a second station, which is connected with Vivi by a road overland. Above Isanghila the River becomes again navigable for a distance of about eighty miles, at the termination of which Stanley has built a third station, and named it Manyanga. Here the traveller must again leave the River, and proceed by land to Stanley Pool, to which station...
Page 13 - ... establishment of an International Riverain Commission over the Congo, analogous to that which the European Powers have concerted in the case of the Danube. England, however, has strenuously contested and opposed the pretensions of Portugal to any such Sovereignty, nor can it be successfully contended that England has recognised any such rights of Sovereignty under the Treaty of Alliance between England and Portugal concluded at Rio de Janeiro on...