Historical Linguistics: An Introduction
Historical Linguistics provides a comprehensive and clearly written introduction to historical linguistic theory and methods. Since its first publication in 1962 the book has established itself as core reading for students of linguistics. This edition has been thoroughly revised. Drawing on recent linguistic and archaeological research Professor Lehmann incorporates key developments in the field. These include exciting advances in the history and development of writing: and in typological classification which allows better understanding of the structure of early languages. Well-illustrated with Indo-European examples, and supplementary exercises which draw on data from other language families as well, the book will enable students to carry out independent work in historical studies on any language family, as well as up-to-date work in Indo-European.
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The background of historical linguistic study
The use of written records
The comparative method
The method of internal reconstruction
Sound change change in phonological systems
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accent accordingly adjectives allophones assume attested borrowed Celtic century chapter characteristics Chinese cited classification clauses cognates comparative method consonant constructions contrast culture determine developed dialects earlier early elements evidence examine example forms French fricatives further Germ Germanic languages Goth Gothic grammar Greek Grimm groups guages High German historical linguistics Hittite illustrate indicate Indo Indo-European languages inflected internal reconstruction introduced Japanese language families Latin maintained markers meaning method of internal Middle English modified Moreover morphological neogrammarians noted nouns obstruents Old English OV languages PGmc phonemes phonological phonological system plural preterite problems pronunciation proposed Proto-Germanic Proto-Indo-European proto-language reflexes relationships root rules Sanskrit scholars semantic change Semitic shift similar singular Slavic sound change speakers speech structure subgroups suffix syllables symbols syntactic change syntax texts typological velar verbs voiced voiceless vowels words writing system