Chilean Modern Architecture Since 1950
Chilean architecture--along with that of Sao Paolo and Mexico City--sets a benchmark for the intersection of modernism with vernacular influences in Latin America. Culture, landscape, and the geology of this earthquake-prone region have all served as important filters for the practice of post-1950s design in Chile.
This volume introduces the modern architecture of Chile to readers in the United States.
Looking primarily at domestic architecture as a lens for studying the larger movement, Fernando Perez Oyarzun considers the relationship between theory and practice in Chile. As he shows in his chapter, during the early 1950s the School of Valparaiso offered the possibility of developing experimental projects accompanied by theoretical statements. There, visual artists considered poetry the starting point of modern architecture and contributed their radically modern views to the design process of the project.
Next, Rodrigo Perez de Arce examines the material context of architecture in Chile: the availability of materials and technologies, the frequency of violent earthquakes and related seismic activity, and the nation's craft-based, labor-intensive building practices. He applies these considerations to a series of case studies to demonstrate how they interact with cultural, historical, economic, and even political influences.
In the book's final chapter, Horacio Torrent reviews the interplay between the architectonic culture and modern shapes that came into sharp focus in the 1950s in Chile. In another series of case studies, he highlights the formation of a system of concepts, thought processes, instruments, and values that have given Chilean architecture a certain singularity during the last fifty years.
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The Project and Its Construction
Chapter 3Abstraction and Tectonics inChilean Architecture since 1950
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abstract Alberto Cruz Alex Moreno Amereida approach architects architectural production architecture in Chile Archivo de Originales areas Arquitectos Arquitectura Benjamín Goñi building built Casabella Catholic University Católica de Chile Chilean architecture Chillán chitecture complex conceived concept construction context CORMU courtyard creating culture Dalcahue Drawing by Benjamín Drawing by Umberto Ediciones ARQ elements Emilio Duhart experience façades FADEU Fernando Pérez floor plan formal geography ground Horacio Torrent Hotel Huidobro ideas interior Joaquín Toesca Jorge Swinburn José Cruz Juan Borchers landscape Latin American layout Le Corbusier light located Lucio Costa material modern architecture ofthe Open City Pablo Neruda patio Pérez de Arce Photo archive Pirque poetic Pontificia Universidad Católica practice professional radical Ritoque roof Santiago School of Architecture Sergio Larraín shape significant SLGM space structure tecture theoretical timber tion Tongoy traditional ture Umberto Bonomo Universidad de Chile urban Valdés Valparaíso School volume walls