The ecological approach to visual perception
Houghton Mifflin, 1979 - Psychology - 332 pages
This is a book about how we see: the environment around us (its surfaces, their layout, and their colors and textures); where we are in the environment; whether or not we are moving and, if we are, where we are going; what things are good for; how to do things (to thread a needle or drive an automobile); or why things look as they do.The basic assumption is that vision depends on the eye which is connected to the brain. The author suggests that natural vision depends on the eyes in the head on a body supported by the ground, the brain being only the central organ of a complete visual system. When no constraints are put on the visual system, people look around, walk up to something interesting and move around it so as to see it from all sides, and go from one vista to another. That is natural vision -- and what this book is about.
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PART ONE THE ENVIRONMENT TO BE PERCEIVED
Permanence and Change of the Layout
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Common terms and phrases
afterimage ambient array ambient light ambient optic array American Psychological Association animal locomotion binocular disparity binocular vision Bishop Berkeley Brunswik chirographic compound eye cornea dense set depth perception detached object dihedral angle diplopia direct perception dolly shot dualism ecological optics Experimental Psychology exteroception eye movements field of view figure-ground fixed point foreshortening form perception fovea frontal plane Ganzfeld geometrical optics gestalt Gibson habitat haptic INFORMATION FOR VISUAL INFORMATION PICKUP invariant structure James Jerome layout of surfaces linear perspective Michael Turvey monocular motion picture natural environment natural units nystagmus occluding edge optic nerve optical contact optical flow optical information optical structure optical texture parallax PERCEPTION OF MOTION perceptionists perceptual system perspective structure photoreceptors physical optics physiological optics point of observation primates projective geometry proprioception psychophysical Ptolemy pursuit movements receptors retinal image rigid motion Rorschach saccadic movement SEQUENCE THEORY shadow projecting space perception stationary point stimulus information Stroboscope substratum surface layout surface of support tachistoscope terrestrial animals topologically closed trapezoidal unhidden vanishing point viscoelastic visual angle visual field visual kinesthesis VISUAL PERCEPTION visual solid angle visual system