A Linguistic History of Ancient Cyprus: The Non-Greek Languages and their Relations with Greek, c.1600–300 BC
This pioneering volume approaches the languages and scripts of ancient Cyprus from an interdisciplinary point of view, with a primarily linguistic and epigraphic approach supplemented by a consideration of their historical and cultural context. The focus is on furthering our knowledge of the non-Greek languages/scripts, as well as appreciating their place in relation to the much better understood Greek language on the island. Following on from recent advances in Cypro-Minoan studies, these difficult, mostly Late Bronze Age inscriptions are reassessed from first principles. The same approach is taken for non-Greek languages written in the Cypriot Syllabic script during the first millennium BC, chiefly the one usually referred to as Eteocypriot. The final section is then dedicated to the Phoenician language, which was in use on Cyprus for some hundreds of years. The result is a careful reappraisal of these languages/scripts after more than a century of sometimes controversial scholarship.
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a-na a-no-ti Amathus bilingual Amathusian appears attested bilingual EC bilingual inscriptions certainty chronological clay balls context corpus Cypriot Greek Cypriot Phoenician Cypriot Syllabary Cypro Cypro-Minoan inscriptions Cypro-Minoan sign Cyprus distribution e-ki Egetmeyer 2010a vol Enkomi epigraphic epigraphic record Eteocypriot ending Eteocypriot inscriptions Eteocypriot language Eteocypriot names Eteocypriot texts Eteocypriot words evidence example extant Ferrara 2012 vol fourth century further given Greek alphabet Greek interpretation Greek language Greek names Greek speakers Hermary HoChyMin Hurrian Iacovou Idalion identified inscribed inscription EC inscriptions found island Kalavassos Karageorghis king Kition known Eteocypriot Kourion Lapethos Larnax Larnax tes Lapethou Linear linguistic features Masson and Sznycer Melqart Minoan morphological ending o-ti Olivier Onasagoras onomastic Opheltau inscription Palaepaphos Paphos patronymic perhaps period Petit Phoenician inscriptions Phoenician language Phoenician name phonetic possible pu-ru-wo-so reading script sequence signary stone suffix suggest surviving syllabogram ta-na tablets Tamassos tion Tyro-Sidonian Ugarit unknown variant vowel written