Comrades and Enemies: Arab and Jewish Workers in Palestine, 1906-1948
In Comrades and Enemies Zachary Lockman explores the mutually formative interactions between the Arab and Jewish working classes, labor movements, and worker-oriented political parties in Palestine just before and during the period of British colonial rule. Unlike most of the historical and sociological literature on Palestine in this period, Comrades and Enemies avoids treating the Arab and Jewish communities as if they developed independently of each other. Instead of focusing on politics, diplomacy, or military history, Lockman draws on detailed archival research in both Arabic and Hebrew, and on interviews with activists, to delve into the country's social, economic, and cultural history, showing how Arab and Jewish societies in Palestine helped to shape each other in significant ways.
Comrades and Enemies presents a narrative of Arab-Jewish relations in Palestine that extends and complicates the conventional story of primordial identities, total separation, and unremitting conflict while going beyond both Zionist and Palestinian nationalist mythologies and paradigms of interpretation.
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Abba Hushi activists Agassi Ahdut Ha'avoda Arab and Jewish Arab community Arab Department Arab nationalist Arab railway workers Arab unionists Arab unions Arab working class Arab-Jewish Arabs and Jews AURW Aviv Ben-Gurion Ben-Tzvi British camp workers committee communists congress cooperation cultural demands EC/H economic efforts Eretz Yisra'el European Filastin Haifa Workers Hapo'el Hashomer Hatza'ir Hassun Hebrew labor Hista Histadrut Histadrut leaders Histadrut leadership Histadrut officials insisted Israel Israeli Jaffa Jerusalem Jewish Agency Jewish and Arab Jewish immigration Jewish railway workers Jewish workers Jews joint organization kibbutz labor movement leaflet MAPAI ment movement in Palestine Nesher organizing Arab workers Palestine Communist Party Palestine Railways Palestine's Arab Palestinian Arab party PAWS piastres PLL's Po'alei Tziyon Smol political refinery relations revolt Sami Taha Second Aliya sector social socialist solidarity strike Tel Aviv tion trade union URPTW wages workers in Palestine Yishuv Zaslani Zionist movement Zionist project
Page 31 - A land without a people for a people without a land" is a good example of just such an appealing theme.
Page 20 - ... experience and testimony. Events over the past few weeks and months in particular have made it necessary for the House of Representatives to make clear "standards of official conduct". Confidence in the integrity of the Members of Congress has been shaken. The activities of a few have cast a shadow on all. I would like to make it clear at the outset that it is my firm and sincere feeling that an overwhelming majority of Congressmen and Senators have conducted themselves in an honorable manner...
Page 6 - ... Palestinian and other Arab scholars, though it is usually not explicitly theorized. No Arab historian or sociologist suggests that the Zionist project did not, in the long run, have a tremendous impact on Palestinian Arab society. But that society is usually represented as a preexisting, preformed entity, which was then threatened, encroached upon, and, in 1947-49, largely destroyed by an aggressively expanding Yishuv. Interaction between Arabs and Jews is largely limited to the sphere of political...
Page 9 - ... to a better understanding of Zionist and Israeli history. Foreign scholars have also contributed innovative new work in recent years.8 One risk in adopting a relational approach, of course, is that the specificity of the histories of Arabs and Jews in Palestine may be lost sight of. It was this - or perhaps more precisely, a concern that the history of the Palestinians would continue to be largely subsumed within a Zionist historical narrative, thereby denying them an independent identity and...
Page 7 - ... communities as self-evidently coherent entities largely uninfluenced by one another. This approach has rendered their mutually constitutive impact virtually invisible, tended to downplay intracommunal divisions and focused attention on episodes of violent conflict, implicitly assumed to be the sole normal or even possible form of interaction. It has also helped divert attention away from exploration of the processes whereby communal identities and nationalist discourses in Palestine were constructed...
Page 5 - ... its evolution propelled by the articulation and triumph of values conducive to successful institution building.3 Eisenstadt's students, Dan Horowitz and Moshe Lissak, embrace the dual society model even more explicitly in their influential Origins of the Israeli Polity: Palestine under the Mandate: In Mandatory Palestine two separate and parallel economic and stratification systems of different levels of modernization emerged which maintained only limited mutual relations. Our contention is that...
Page 8 - ... Zionist and Palestinian nationalist historical narratives and categories. This project of critique and reconceptualization has involved a move beyond the narrowly political to explore the social, economic, and cultural histories of each community. More important, it has also reflected a new commitment to relational history, rooted in an understanding that the histories of Arabs and Jews in modern (and especially mandatory) Palestine can only be grasped by studying the ways in which both these...