Race and the Genetic Revolution: Science, Myth, and Culture
Sheldon Krimsky, Kathleen Sloan
Columbia University Press, Aug 16, 2011 - Science - 304 pages
Leading scholars from a range of disciplines, including law, biology, sociology, history, anthropology, and psychology, examine the impact of modern genetics on the concept of race. Does mapping the human genome reconstitute a scientific rationale for long-discredited racial categories? Contributors trace the interplay between genetics and race in forensic DNA databanks, the biology of intelligence, DNA ancestry markers, and racialized medicine. Each essay explores commonly held and unexamined assumptions and misperceptions about race in both science and popular culture.
Divided into six major categories, the collection begins with the historical origins and current uses of the concept of "race" in science. It follows with an analysis of the role of race in DNA databanks and its reflection of racial disparities in the criminal justice system. Essays then consider the rise of recreational genetics in the form of for-profit testing of genetic ancestry and the introduction of racialized medicine, specifically through an FDA-approved heart drug called BiDil, marketed to African American men. Concluding sections discuss the contradictions between our scientific and cultural understandings of race and the continuing significance of race in educational and criminal justice policy, not to mention the ongoing project of a society that has no use for racial stereotypes.
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Introduction How Science Embraced the Racialization of Human Populations
Part I Science and Race
Part II Forensic DNA Databases Race and the Criminal Justice System
Part III Ancestry Testing
Part IV Racialized Medicine
Part V Intelligence and Race
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admixture African Americans allele frequencies ancestors arrested Asian ASPM associated BiDil biological races century chromosome claims cognitive concept of race convicted correlated court crime scene criminal justice system cultural databanks DNA profiles DNA samples DNA sequence DNAWitness drug environment environmental ethnic European evidence evolutionary example felony genes genetic ancestry tests genetic differences genetic diversity genetic markers genetic variation GeneWatch Genome health disparities heart failure heritability Human Genetics Human Populations identified impact assessments individual’s individuals intelligence Jonathan Kahn Journal loci matches National DNA Database Native American Nature Genetics NDNAD offenses percent person phenotype police population genetics Quantitative Trait Locus R. J. Sternberg Race and Intelligence race concept race-specific racial differences racial disparities racial groups racial medicine racial profiling racism recent Science scientific scientists self-identified skin color socially constructed species statistical theory tion Tishkoff traits United University Press York