Multiple Analogies in Science and Philosophy
A multiple analogy is a structured comparison in which several sources are likened to a target. In "Multiple analogies in science and philosophy," Shelley provides a thorough account of the cognitive representations and processes that participate in multiple analogy formation. Through analysis of real examples taken from the fields of evolutionary biology, archaeology, and Plato's "Republic," Shelley argues that multiple analogies are not simply concatenated single analogies but are instead the general form of analogical inference, of which single analogies are a special case. The result is a truly general cognitive model of analogical inference.Shelley also shows how a cognitive account of multiple analogies addresses important philosophical issues such as the confidence that one may have in an analogical explanation, and the role of analogy in science and philosophy.This book lucidly demonstrates that important questions regarding analogical inference cannot be answered adequately by consideration of single analogies alone.
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abstract adaptation anal analogical inference analogical reasoning analogy construction appears archaeologists Archaeopteryx argument Aristotle attributes biologists birds causal relations Centroscymnus ceratopsian chapter claws Clovis Coelacanth cognitive model coherent combat comparison concepts concerning conclusion considered constraint described disanalogies discussed Donnan elephant evolutionary biology example Farlow & Dodson fecundity Figure figurine legs fossil frill Heilmann Hexanchus Hoatzin horns human images induction issues justice Latimeria mammoths mental movies Moche modern multiple analogies narrative nature objects organisms Ostrom ovoviviparity painter patagia patagium philosophers Plato poets pots potters predicates proportional analogy purpose represented Republic Ruvettus scenario schema schemata Section selection sexual selection shared shared-structure theory signdles similar single analogies Socrates soul source analogs source and target specific structural consistency suggests supplementation system mappings Table Talalay target analog target predicate Thagard theory of analogy theropod things Thrasymachus tion tiple tiple analogies Torosaurus tragedians virtue visual imagery visual mental imagery