Current Issues in Linguistic Theory
In this paper,(1) I will restrict the term ""linguistic theory"" to systems of hypotheses concerning the general features of human language put forth in an attempt to account for a certain range of linguistic phenomena. I will not be concerned with systems of terminology or methods of investigation (analytic procedures). The central fact to which any significant linguistic theory must address itself is this: a mature speaker can produce a new sentence of his language on the appropriate occasion, and other speakers can understand it immediately, though it is equally new to them. Most of our li.
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allophone articulatory phonetics assigned biuniqueness Bloch Bloomﬁeld Chomsky complementary distribution concept constitute context contrast deﬁned deﬁnition derived Phrase-marker descriptive adequacy determinaey determine dialect discussion distinctive element English examples explanatory adequacy explicit fact ﬁnd ﬁrst formulated free variation Furthermore Harris interpretation interrogatives invariance condition John language level of descriptive level of explanatory level of success level of systematic levels of adequacy linguistic intuition linguistic structure linguistic theory morphophonemic notion Noun Phrase pair particular perception phonemic representation phonemic system phonological component principle procedures proposed question regarded relation relative clause relevant rules Sapir Saussure seems semantic sentence separation of levels sequence signiﬁcant speciﬁed string of formatives strong generative capacity structural descriptions structural linguistics synonymy systematic phonemic systematic phonetic representation taxonomic model taxonomic phonemics terminal string tion traditional grammar transformational grammar transformational model underlying universal phonetic utterance variants verbs vowel word