Aristotle, Jonathan Barnes
Clarendon Press, 1994 - Philosophy - 298 pages
The Posterior Analytics contains some of Aristotle's most influential thoughts in logic, epistemology, metaphysics, and the philosophy of science. The first book expounds and develops the notions of a demonstrative argument and of a formal, axiomatized science; the second discusses a cluster of problems raised by the axioms or principles of such a science, and investigates in particular the theory of definition. This volume is intended to serve the needs of readers of Aristotle without a knowledge of Greek; for this second edition the translation has been completely rewritten, with the aims of greater elegance and greater fidelity to the Greek. The commentary elucidates and assesses Aristotle's arguments from a philosophical point of view; it has been extensively revised to take account of the scholarship of the last twenty years.
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animal answer APst argue Aristotelian Aristotle means Aristotle says Aristotle's argument assume atomic axioms Bonitz CHAPTER clear common conclusion deduction defined definiens demon demonstration e.g. Top eclipse entail essence Euclid everything explanandum explanation explanatory fact false familiar finite follows geometer geometry grasp Hence holds I-predications illustration immediate propositions incidental indemonstrable induction infer infima species infinite isosceles kind knowledge m1gnucc1 mathematical matter middle term necessary nominal definition notes notion objects opine ousia paralogism particular perception perhaps Phys plain positive possible Posterior Analytics postulate premisses primitive principles prior Prior Analytics privative proceed Proclus proof prove question reason reference right angles Ross Secondly sense sentence sequence simpliciter Socrates sort Speusippus stration suppose supposition syllogism syllogistic Theophrastus theorems thesis thing translation triangle true underlying subject understanding universal universal propositions unnatural predication virtue Xenocrates