Great geological controversies
Here is a new edition of a widely acclaimed account of the most celebrated controversies in the history of geology--a book that covers many of the most important ideas that have emerged since the birth of the science. Among the great debates described here are those involving catastrophe theory, uniformitarianism, the discovery of the Ice Age, speculation concerning the age of the earth, and the advent of new ideas on plate tectonics and continental drift. In presenting these key topics, the author opens the fascinating history of geology to a wide audience. Frequently citing original sources, the author gives readers a sense of the colorful and at times immensely entertaining language of scientific discourse. This edition includes a new chapter on the emergence of stratigraphy in the nineteenth century, focusing on controversies surrounding the Cambrian-Silurian and Devonian. Another new chapter reviews the mass extinction theory, which is still hotly debated. Other chapters have been revised to reflect recent developments and changes in the field. Authoritative and highly readable, this unique work will interest all readers interested in the history of science and especially the origin of the prevailing ideas in geology today.
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Neptunists vulcanists and plutonists
Catastrophists and uniformitarians
The Ice Age
4 other sections not shown
accepted Agassiz Alps anomalies appeared argued argument assumption Auvergne basalt belief Buch Buckland catastrophic catastrophist century Charpentier continental drift continents controversy cooling critical crust crustal Cuvier Darwin deposits Desmarest diluvial doctrine earth Edinburgh elevation erratics estimate evidence fact formation fossils Geikie geol geological Geological Society geologists geophysical geophysicist glacial theory glaciers Gondwanaland granite heat history of geology Hutton Huttonian hypothesis ice age ideas igneous interpretation isostasy Jamieson Kelvin land later lava London Lyell magnetic marine million mobilist moraines mountain ranges Murchison nature neptunist North Note notion observations ocean crust ocean floor origin palaeontologist Palaeozoic periods phenomena physical physicist plate tectonics Playfair polar wandering present principle published put forward radiometric dating result revolution Ridge rocks scientific scientists sea-floor spreading Sedgwick sediments strata stratigraphic surface term Tertiary thought tion uniformitarianism University uplift valleys volcanic vulcanists Wegener Wegener's Werner Wernerian