Australian Aborigines: The Languages and Customs of Several Tribes of Aborigines in the Western District of Victoria, Australia
Tribes (Kolor, Kuurn kopan noot, Pirt kopan noot, Mopar, Peek whuurung, Kirrie, Kolakgnat, Katubanuut), boundaries , language, population, laws of property, inheritance, camping units, tools, utensils, weapons, laws of marriage , treatment of wives, exchange of wives, initiation (tooth avulsion), birth, children, naming of children, changing names, superstitions, healing, death and burial, cannibalism, recreations, music and dancing, astronomy and myths, vocabularies; photographs of natives from different tribes.
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aborigines bark basket birds bones boomerang brother burned called camp Cape Otway Chaap wuurong broad chief cockatoo Cousin Cousin Cousin death deceased Deen eldest sister English father's side female fire fish friends Geelong gnan gnulla Gnuul Gnuuteung Granddaughter Granddaughter grandfather grandmother grass ground heear hole Hopkins River husband kaal kangaroo Karrin kill the dog Koko kopan noot small korroborse Kullart Kuukuurn Kuumar kuurang kuurk Kuurn kopan noot kuuruuk Kuutre Lake Bullen Merri marrang marriage mirng moon mother Mother-in-law mother's eldest Muuruup natives neowee neung Niece Niece noot small lip opossum rug Parraqueet Peek whuurong kelp Port Fairy Puuliit River Sister Sister Sister Sister Sister skin snake spear specific stone teeth tinnang tirng tree tribe Tukuse Uncle Wannan Wardii Warrnambool Waterhole whuurong kelp lip wife wife's wirng woman women Wuin wuurn wuurong broad lip young youngest yuul
Page 28 - It says much for the morality of the aborigines and their laws that illegitimacy is rare, and is looked upon with such abhorrence that the mother is always severely beaten by her relatives, and sometimes put to death and burned. Her child is occasionally killed and burned with her. The father of the child is also punished with the greatest severity, and occasionally killed.
Page 6 - ... short time he is always accompanied by a friend, and on his return is met by two men, who conduct him to his wuurn [hut]. At his approach every one rises to receive him, and remains silent till he speaks ; they then enquire where he has been, and converse with him freely. When a tribe is moving from one part of the country to another, the chief, accompanied by a friend, precedes it, and obtains permission from the next chief to pass, before his followers cross the boundary. When approaching a...
Page 52 - the common bat belongs to the men, who protect it against injury, even to the half-killing of their wives for its sake. The fern owl, or large goatsucker, belongs to the women, and, although a bird of evil omen, creating terror at night by its cry, it is jealously protected by them. If a man kills one, they are as much enraged as if it was one of their children, and will strike him with their long poles.
Page 62 - dying persons, especially those dying from old age, generally express an earnest desire to be taken to their birthplace, that they may die and be buried there. If possible, these wishes are always complied with by the relatives and friends. Parents will point out the spot where they were born, so that when they become old and infirm their children may know where they wish their bodies to be disposed.
Page 54 - This wuulon is lent to any one of the tribe who wishes to vent his spite against any one belonging to the unfriendly tribe. When used as a charm, the wuulon is rubbed over with emu fat mixed with red clay, and tied to the point of a spearthrower, which is stuck upright in the ground before the camp-fire. The company sit round watching it, but at such a distance that their shadows cannot fall on it. They keep chanting imprecations on the enemy till...
Page 37 - After marriage," says a writer who knew the Australian aborigines well in the old days, " the women are compelled to do all the hard work of erecting habitations, collecting fuel and water, carrying burdens, procuring roots and delicacies of various kinds, making baskets for cooking roots and other purposes, preparing food, and attending to the children. The only work the men do, in time of peace, is to hunt for opossums and large animals of various kinds, and to make rugs and weapons.
Page 64 - ... is burned. Immediately after the death of a chief, the bones of the lower part of the leg and the forearm are extracted, cleaned with a flint knife, and placed in a basket ; the body is tied with a bark cord, with the knees to the face, and wrapped in an opossum rug. It is then laid in a wuurn (hut) filled with smoke, and constantly watched by friends with green boughs to keep the flies away. When all the mourners, with their faces and heads covered with white clay, have arrived, the body is...
Page 76 - ... believe- him to be concealed in the camp, they surround it at dawn, stamping and making a hideous noise to frighten the people. In the meantime the Chief, anticipating the second visit, has very likely aided the culprit to escape while it was dark. Persons accused of wrong-doing get one month's (sic) notice to appear before the assembled tribes and be tried on pain of being outlawed and killed. When a man has been charged with an offence, he goes to the meeting armed with two war spears, a flat...
Page 77 - Quarrels between tribes are sometimes settled by single combat between the chiefs, and the result is accepted as final. At other times disputes are decided by combat between equal numbers of warriors, painted with red clay and dressed in war costume ; but real fighting seldom takes place, unless the women rouse the anger of the men and urge them to come to blows. Even then it rarely results in a general fight, but comes to single combats between warriors of each side ; who step into the arena, taunt...