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Past and Present
Rise and Fall of the Ottomans
Origin Ottoman Government and Society The Tanzimat
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Abdullah administration agricultural Allied Arab nationalism Arab nationalist Arab world Arabia army Ataturk attempted Baathists Baghdad became Britain British Cairo century Christian Communist constitution country's cultural Damascus Democratic Druses economic Egypt Egyptian elections established European Faisal forces foreign France French Greek groups Ibn Saud independence industry influence Iran Iranian Iraq Iraqi Islam Israel Israeli Jewish Jews Jordan Kurdish Kurds labor land leaders Lebanese Lebanon major Mapai Maronites ment Middle East Middle Eastern military modern Muhammad Muslim Nasser nationalist movement officers organization Osmanli Ottoman Empire Palestine Palestinians parliament party peasants percent Persian Gulf political population President prime minister provinces reform regime region religious Republic revolution revolutionary Reza Reza Shah Russia Saud Saudi shah Sharia sheikhs Shi'ite social socialist society Soviet sultan Syria tion traditional Transjordan treaty tribal tribes troops Turkey Turkish Turks Union villages Western Yemen Yishuv Zionist