Women Among the Inklings: Gender, C.S. Lewis, J.R.R. Tolkien, and Charles Williams

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Greenwood Press, Jan 1, 2001 - Literary Criticism - 201 pages
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The Oxford group of writers known as the Inklings met and thrived during the 1930s and 1940s. Three of the members, C. S. Lewis, J.R.R. Tolkien, and Charles Williams, became known as authors and cultural figures, recognized for interweaving Christian themes into fantasy fiction. Other members of the group doubtlessly influenced these works through their comments and discussion, and the published ideas of Williams, Lewis, and Tolkien were probably first discussed within this circle. Every member of the Inklings was male, the group consciously excluded women, and it was formed to promote male companionship. This book examines the attitude of the Inklings toward women and thus, sheds new light on the lives and works of Lewis, Tolkien, and Williams.

The book examines the male culture of the Inklings and the relation of the literary group to the larger Oxford community. It also looks at women in the lives of Williams, Tolkien, and Lewis. While Williams and Tolkien apparently thought of women as mythic icons, Lewis began to question some of the group's assumptions after his marriage. When considering the representation of women in fiction by the Inklings, the volume gives special attention to issues of gender and theology.

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Williams and Tolkien
The Lewis Brothers
Women in Inklings Fiction

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About the author (2001)

CANDICE FREDRICK is Visiting Professor of Education at the University of Redlands. She is the coauthor of Women, Ethics, and the Workplace (Praeger, 1997).

SAM MCBRIDE is Senior Professor at DeVry Institute of Technology in Pomona, California. His research and publications emphasize interdisciplinary approaches to the humanities in the 20th century.

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