Surveillance After September 11
Prominent among the quests for post-9/11 security are developments in surveillance, especially at national borders. These developments are not new, but many of them have been extended and intensified. The result? More and more people and populations are counted as "suspicious" and, at the same time, surveillance techniques become increasingly opaque and secretive. Lyon argues that in the aftermath of 9/11 there have been qualitative changes in the security climate: diverse databases containing personal information are being integrated; biometric identifiers, such as iris scans, are becoming more popular; consumer data are merged with those obtained for policing and intelligence, both nationally and across borders. This all contributes to the creation of ever-widening webs of surveillance. But these systems also sort people into categories for differential treatment, the most obvious case being that of racial profiling. This book assesses the consequences of these trends. Lyon argues that while extraordinary legal measures and high-tech systems are being adopted, promises made on their behalf - that terrorism can be prevented - are hard to justify. Furthermore, intensifying surveillance will have social consequences whose effects could be far-reaching: the undermining of social trust and of democratic participation.
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activities agencies airline airport algorithmic American anti-terrorism anti-terrorist argue aspects attacks Automated surveillance biometrics borders Cambridge CCTV central challenge chapter citizens civil liberties communications companies consumer context convergence countries Culture of Control culture of suspicion data-protection David Lyon developments effect electronic especially ethical everyday example face-recognition global north global surveillance groups ID cards increasingly integrated International iris scans Jacques Ellul kinds lance Langdon Winner Mark Salter marketing means ment modern monitoring Muslim Naomi Klein networked passenger PATRIOT Act personal data political potential Privacy International profiling question racial reinforced responses risk searchable databases secrecy security and surveillance September 11 smart card social control social sorting Sociology Statewatch surveillance practices Surveillance Society surveillance systems surveillance technologies surveillant assemblage suspects tech technical terrorism terrorist threats tion trends Ulrich Beck veillance watching York Zygmunt Bauman