Fascism: Theory and Practice
In the 1930s fascist parties came to power across Europe. Millions were killed in the war and the Holocaust. Yet, sixty years on, fascism is on the rise once more in all major European states and far right parties are again winning converts.To explain this disturbing trend, Dave Renton surveys the history of modern fascism in Europe, from its prewar origins up to the present day. Renton examines the Marxist response to fascism in the age of Hitler and Mussolini and the writings of political thinkers such as Trotsky and Gramsci, as well as more recent European theorists such as Miliband, Mason and Poulantzas. Focusing on a critical assessment of the current liberal theories of fascism which emerged in the 1980s and 1990s, the author argues that such theories provide an incomplete explanation of what fascism is and was: to understand any political movement it is vital to view it in a historical context. Renton argues that fascism should be understood not through the 'theory' of liberal fascism studies, but rather in terms of the brutal practice that fascism brought in its wake. Providing the first new theory of fascism in its historical context to come from the left for over twenty years, this volume makes a key contribution to what is now a wide-ranging and heated debate.
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analysis anti-fascism anti-fascist anti-Semitism Antonio Gramsci argued that fascism Bambery Beast Reawakens Beetham Bonapartism Bookmarks bourgeois capitalism capitalist class capitalist society cent Comintern Communist International Communist Party crisis defeat define fascism definition of fascism democratic described fascism dialectical theory dictatorship Eatwell economic Eighteenth Brumaire Europe explained Face of Fascism Fascism London Fascist Ideology fascist movement fascist parties Finkelstein French Front National German fascism Goldhagen Gramsci Guerin historians Hitler Holocaust ideas Italian fascism Italy Jews Karl Korsch layer left theory Leon Trotsky linked Marxist theory Marxists in Face mass movement murder Mussolini National Socialism nationalist nature of fascism Nazism NSDAP Ordine Nuovo organisation petty bourgeoisie political Poulantzas racism reactionary regime revolution revolutionary right theory rise of fascism Roger Griffin ruling class Silone social democracy Stalinism stress Thalheimer Thalheimer's theory of fascism tradition Trotsky's United Front University Press workers working-class Zeev Sternhell