Practical marine engineering for marine engineers and students, with aids for applicants for marine engineers' licenses

Front Cover
Marine engineering, 1917 - Technology & Engineering - 982 pages
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Contents

SECTION
17
Lead
28
Tin
29
Testing of Metals
37
Test Pieces for Iron
38
5 Bending Quenching and Hammer Tests
41
PAGE
42
CHAPTER 11
43
2 Combustion
44
Impurities in Coal Clinker Formation
47
Weathering of Coal
48
Spontaneous Combustion
49
6 Corrosion
52
General Comparison Between Bituminous and Anthracite Coal
53
Liquid Fuel
54
2 Physical and Chemical Characteristics of Fuel
56
Types of Boilers
63
The Scotch Boiler
66
Direct Tubular Boiler Locomotive Type
67
The Flue Boiler
68
Watertube Boilers
69
Relative Advantages of Different Types of Boilers
83
Riveted Joints
85
Materials and Construction
104
Construction of Firetube Boilers
105
73
121
Construction of Watertube Boilers
127
Common Sizes and Dimensions of Scotch Boilers
129
Common Proportions of Scotch Boilers
130
Weights of Boilers
131
Boiler Mountings and Fire Room Fittings
133
2 Muffler
136
3 Stop yalve
137
4 Dry Pipe or Internal Steam Pipe
139
5j Feed Check Valve and Internal Feed Pipe
140
Surface and Bottom Blows
141
7 Steam Gages
143
Water Gage and Cocks
144
Hydrokineter Circulator
147
Hydrometer
150
Boiler Saddles
151
12 Boiler Lagging
152
2 Superheaters
161
Boiler Design in Accordance with the Rules of the United State Board of Supervising Inspectors of Steam Vessels
162
CHAPTER 1V Oil Fuel Burning 22 The Boiler Furnace and Its Accessories
191
2 Fire Brick
192
3 Atpmization of the Oil
194
Mechanical BurnersThe Principles Kmployed in Their Manu facture and the Various Types Used
195
SchutteKoerting Burner
197
Howden Burner
198
Normand Burner
199
6 Peabody Burner
200
SECTION PAGE 24 Air Cones Registers or Tuyeres
208
Air Chambers on Fuel Oil Lines
209
Aids to Combustion
210
Methods of Operating with an OilFired Boiler
211
CHAPTER V
218
Introduction
220
The Turbine for Ship Propulsion
231
SECTION PAGE 36 Construction of Parsons Turbines 335
232
Parsons Turbines
234
Curtis Turbines
235
Combination Machinery
236
Reduction Gears
241
Hydraulic Reduction Gearing
250
7 Electric Reduction Gear
256
Internal Combustion Engines Explosion
268
2 Heavy Duty Engines
269
SemiSpeed Engines
271
Two Cycle and Four Cycle Engines
272
Predominant Forms of Marine Engines in Service
273
7 The Large Engine
277
Starting and Reversing
279
DoubleActing Engines
283
Cooling Systems
284
Fuels
289
The Diesel Oil Engine Progressive Combustion
291
i Types of Diesel Engines According to the Stroke Cycle
294
Description of FourStroke Cycle Diesel Engine
295
Outline of the Operation of a Two Cycle Diesel Engine
297
4 The Harris Valveless Engine
299
Producer Gas Installations
305
Operation of the Producer
306
Producer Gas Engines
307
CHAPTER V1 Description of the Principal Parts of Marine Engines 35 The Principal Parts of a Reciprocating Engine
310
Columns
315
Bedplates
319
Engine Seating
321
Piston Rods
325
Crossheads
327
Connecting Rods
330
Crank Shaft
332
lJ The Cylinder
336
2 The Rotor
338
4 Blading
340
Construction of Curtis Turbines
341
2 The Rotor
344
5 Blading
345
Other Turbines
346
General Details
347
2 Bearings
350
Western River Boat Practice
365
Engine Fittings
369
2 Main Stop Valve
372
3 Arrangement of Throttle and Maneuvering Valves for Tur bine Engines
374
Cylinder Drain Gear and Relief Valves
376
Starting Valves
377
6 Reversing Gear
378
7 Turning Gear
381
Joints and Packing
382
9 Reheatcrs
386
Counter Gear
389
13 Lagging
396
15 Turbine Micrometer Gage
413
16 Special Couplings
414
17 Kingsbury Thrust Bearing
417
Piping
423
Expansion Joint
426
Globe Angle and Straightway Valves
427
CHAPTER V11 Auxiliaries 43 Circulating Pumps
430
Evaporators
467
Direct Acting Pumps
470
Blowers or Fans
474
Separators
475
Ash Ejector and Ash Expeller
477
Pneumercator
481
Time Firing Regulators _
484
Indicator
487
Operation
488
Steam Traps
489
General Arrangement of Machinery
494
CHAPTER VII1 Valves and Valve Gears 59 Slide Valves
495
Double Ported Slide Valve
497
Piston Valve
498
Equilibrium Piston
502
Equilibrium Rings
505
6 Outside and Inside Valves
507
Oval Valve Diagram
510
Bilgram Valve Diagram
516
Zeuner Valve Diagram
518
BraemmeMarshall Gear
524
Joy Valve Gear
528
Walschaert Valve Gear
529
Crank Valve Gear
531
Details of Stephenson Link Valve Gear
534
fi Eccentric and Strap and Eccentric Rod
535
2 Link
537
3 Link Block and Valve Stem
539
Valve Setting
541
Putting an Engine on the Center
543
2 Setting the Valve
544
3 Valve Setting from the Indicator Card
546
CHAPTER 1X Refrigeration 68 General Principles
548
Refrigeration by Freezing Mixtures
549
Refrigeration by Vaporization and Expansion
550
SECTION PAGE
553
Refrigeration by the Expansion of Compressed Air
563
7 Principal Features of Ammonia Refrigerating Apparatus 553
569
The Dynamo
576
Wiring and the Distribution of Light and Power
582
Operation and Care of Electrical Machinery
588
Screw Propellers
596
Paddle Wheels
609
Reduction of Power When Towing or When Vessel is Fast to
617
Special Conditions for Speed Trials
624
Engine Room Routine and Management
640
Routine for Turbine Propelled VesselsPreparations for Getting
650
j 8 Tubes
707
CHAPTER X111
731
Steam Engine Indicators
749
Torsion Meters
758
20
763
CHAPTER
774
SECTION PAGE
786
Steam Engine Economy
796
Coal Consumption and Related Problems
808
Definitions
817
in Action of the Steam in Parsons Turbine
824
The Boiler Brace Problem 832
832
Loss by Blowing Off
841
Clearance and Its Determination
847
Pressure on Main Guides
855
94
859
Computing Weights of Parts of Machinery
861
CHAPTER XV
869
4 To Reduce a Decimal Fraction to a Common Fraction
880
6 To Add Decimals
881
To Subtract Decimals
882
Percentage
883
Compound Numbers
886
Square Measure
887
The Metric System of Weights and Measures
888
Reduction of Compound Numbers
889
Addition of Compound Numbers
890
Multiplication of Compound Numbers
891
Duodecimals
892
Ratio and Proportion
894
2 Compound Proportion
897
Evolution and Involution
899
2 To Extract the Square Root
900
3 To Extract the Cube Root
902
Mathematical Signs Symbols and Operations
904
4
905
Geometry and Mensuration
908
Rectangle
909
3 Parallelogram
910
A Right Angled Triangle
911
Trapezium
912
Regular Polygons
913
11 Circular Ring or Annulus
915
Segment of Circle
916
14 Ellipse
917
Prism
920
17 Cylinder
921
18 Any Solid with a Constant Section Parallel to the Base Either Right or Oblique
922
20 Right Pyramid
923
22 Right Circular Cone
924
23 General Cone
925
24 Frustum of Right Pyramid
926
28 Sphere
927
Volumes of Irregular Shape
928
30 Volume Generated by Any Area Revolving About an Axis
929
2 To Bisect the Distance Between Two Points
930
5 To Construct a Triangle Having Given the Three Sides
931
To Construct a Square Equivalent to a Given Triangle
932
To Construct an Ellipse
933
To Construct Any Regular Polygon
934
lO To Develop the Surface of a Cylinder Which is Intersected by Another Cylinder the Two Axes Being in the Same Plane
935
i To Develop the Surface of a Cone
936
Physics
937
2 Specific Gravity gj 3 Heat Unit
938
Mechanics
939
Moment of a Force
940
Energy
942
Conservation of Energy
943
Propositions in Statics
944
Mechanical Powers
946
Examples in Mechanics
952
87
965
Copyright

Common terms and phrases

Popular passages

Page 779 - It has been seen that a heat unit is the quantity of heat required to raise one pound of water one degree in temperature...
Page 913 - A Circle is a plane figure bounded by a curved line every point of which is equally distant from a point within called the center.
Page 738 - MEP in pounds per square inch; A = area of piston in square inches; L = length of stroke in feet ; N= number of working strokes per minute.
Page 902 - RULE. 1. Separate the given number into periods of three figures each, beginning at the units place.
Page 913 - A trapezium is a figure, such as ABCD, having four angles and four sides, no two of the latter being parallel. AREA, ABC D. To find the area of a trapezium, having given the figure complete : Rule — Divide the trapezium into two triangles, and proceed with each separately, and then add. [8] Regular Polygons. A regular polygon is a figure, such as ABCDE, having any number of equal sides and a like number of equal angles. They are named as follows : Number of Sides. Names. 3 Triangle 4 Square 5 Pentagon...
Page 172 - ... inch larger than the thickness of the plate. The depth of the ring between the flanges shall be not less than three times the diameter of the rivet holes, and the ring shall be substantially riveted to the flanges. The fire edge of the ring shall terminate at or about the point of tangency to the curve of the flange, and the thickness of the ring shall be not less than one half inch. The pressure allowed shall be determined by the following formula : ADAMSON FURNACES IN SECTIONS OF NOT LESS THAN...
Page 894 - The ratio between two numbers is simply their numerical relationship expressed as the quotient of the first divided by the second. Thus the ratio of 6 to 3 is 2 ; of 1.2 to 3 is .4; of 4 to 5 is .8, etc.
Page 870 - In the usual way of writing fractions, as ~, -fc -^, -^, etc., the number below the line is called the denominator and shows into how many equal parts the larger or principal unit is divided in order to furnish the smaller or fractional unit.
Page 39 - ... with the name of the manufacturer, the place where manufactured, and the number of pounds tensile strain it will bear to the sectional square inch...
Page 163 - Bumped heads may contain a manhole opening flanged inwardly, when such flange is turned to a depth of three times the thickness of material in the head.

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