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African slave trade aggressive agriculture American annexation anti-slavery become capital career carried cause character circumstances civilization colonization condition Confederacy confined Congress connexion consequences considerable Constitution contest cotton crops cultivation d'esclaves democratic districts Dred Scott economic effect emancipation employed established états exist fact favour Federal fertile force free labour freedom Fugitive Slave Law increase independence industry influence institutions interests Jefferson Davis Kansas Kentucky l'esclavage land less Louisiana means ment Mexico Missouri Compromise mode moral Morrill tariff nations nature necessity negro North America Northern object Olmsted Olmsted's once peasant peculiar persons planters political portion position present principle productive profitable proprietors question race regarded result scarcely secession slave labour Slave party slave population Slave Power slave societies slaveholders social soil South Southern Southern party success tariff tariff of 1832 territory Texas tion tobacco Union United Virginia wealth whole
Page ix - That the Executive will, on the first day of January aforesaid, by proclamation, designate the States and parts of States, if any, in which the people thereof respectively shall then be in rebellion against the United States; and the fact that any State, or the people thereof, shall on that day be in good faith represented in the Congress of the United States, by members chosen thereto at elections wherein a majority of the qualified voters of such...
Page ix - ... and the executive government of the united states including the military and naval authority thereof will recognize and maintain the freedom of such persons and will do no act or acts to repress such persons or any of them in any efforts they may make for their actual freedom...
Page 95 - The whole commerce between master and slave is a perpetual exercise of the most boisterous passions, the most unremitting despotism on the one part, and degrading submissions on the other.
Page 89 - Our new government is founded upon exactly the opposite ideas ; its foundations are laid, its corner-stone rests upon the great truth that the negro is not equal to the white man; that slavery, subordination to the superior race, is his natural and normal condition.
Page 126 - They had for more than a century before been regarded as beings of an inferior order and altogether unfit to associate with the white race, either in social or political relations, and so far inferior that they had no rights which the white man was bound to respect; and that the Negro might justly and lawfully be reduced to slavery for his benefit.
Page x - Also to the ninth and tenth sections of an act entitled "An Act to Suppress Insurrection, to Punish Treason and Rebellion, to Seize and Confiscate Property of Rebels, and for Other Purposes," approved July 17, 1862, and which sections are in the words and figures following: Sec.
Page x - All officers or persons in the military or naval service of the United States are prohibited from employing any of the forces under their respective commands for the purpose of returning fugitives from service or labor, who may have escaped from any...
Page 129 - That it is the duty of the Federal Government, in all its departments, to protect, when necessary, the rights of persons and property in the Territories, and wherever else its constitutional authority extends.
Page 96 - The parent storms, the child looks on, catches the lineaments of wrath, puts on the same airs in the circle of smaller slaves, gives a loose to the worst of passions, and thus nursed, educated, and daily exercised in tyranny, cannot but be stamped by it with odious peculiarities.
Page ix - ... that on the first day of january in the year of our lord one thousand eight hundred and sixtythree all persons held as slaves within any state or designated part of a state the people whereof shall then be in rebellion against the united states shall be then thenceforward and forever free...