Encyclopedia of Human Nutrition

Front Cover
Academic Press, Dec 28, 2012 - Technology & Engineering - 2190 pages

The role of nutrition in improving quality of life and combating disease is undeniable — and researchers from different disciplines are bringing their perspectives to bear on this fundamental topic.

The 4-volume Encyclopedia of Human Nutrition, Third Edition, is a thorough revision of the previous award-winning version and reflects the scientific advances in the field of human nutrition. It presents the latest understanding on a wide range of nutrition-related topics including food safety, weight management, vitamins, bioengineering of foods, plant based diet and raw foods among others. New articles on organic food, biofortification, nutritional labeling and the effect of religious customs on diet, among many others, reflect the dedication to currency in this revision. It not only contains the most current and thorough information available on the topic, but also contains broader cross-referencing on emerging opportunities for potential treatment and prevention of diseases. An ideal starting point for scientific research, Encyclopedia of Human Nutrition, Third Edition, continues to provide authoritative information in an accessible format, making this complex discipline available to readers at both the professional and non-professional level.

  • Selected for inclusion in Doody's Core Titles 2013, an essential collection development tool for health sciences libraries
  • Approximately 30% new content ensures readers have the latest research information
  • Extensive cross-referencing provides key connections between topics in this multidisciplinary field
  • Presents current information on relationships between disease and nutrition
  • Covers thoroughly topics ranging from nutrient biochemistry and function to clinical nutrition and the epidemiology of diet, health and disease.
 

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Contents

STROKE NUTRITIONAL MANAGEMENT
219
Dietary Sucrose and Disease
231
Developed Countries
234
Developing Countries
241
Dietary Supplements
246
Programmatic Issues
251
TEA
260
Beriberi
264

POTASSIUM
52
Energy Requirements and Metabolic Adaptations
56
Nutrient Requirements
61
Placental Regulation of Nutrient Delivery to the Fetus
68
Preeclampsia and Diet
75
Prevention of Neural Tube Defects
81
Safe Diets
90
Weight Gain
99
PROSTAGLANDINS AND LEUKOTRIENES
104
PROTEIN DEFICIENCY
111
PROTEIN DIGESTION AND BIOAVAILABILITY
116
Quality and Sources
123
Requirements and Rolein Diet
131
Synthesis and Turnover
139
REFUGEESNutritional Implications
147
RELIGIOUS CUSTOMS INFLUENCE ON DIET
153
RIBOFLAVIN
158
SALT Epidemiology
166
SEASONALITY
178
SELENIUM
186
SKELETAL MUSCLE
193
Physiology
200
SPORT AND EXERCISE NUTRITION
204
Biochemical Aspects
209
Physiology
274
THIRST PHYSIOLOGY
280
Health Effects Recommendations and Regulations
288
Nutritional Management
293
ULTRATRACE ELEMENTS
299
URBAN NUTRITION
311
VEGETERIAN DIETS
316
Deficiency and Interventions
323
Physiology DietarySourcesandRequirements
333
Physiology
340
Physiology DietarySources and Requirements
351
Deficiency States
357
Physiology DietarySourcesandRequirements
363
Physiology Dietary Sources and Requirements
370
Metabolism and Requirements
383
Physiology and Health Effects
390
VITAMIN K
398
WEIGHT MANAGEMENT Approaches
404
Weight CyclingWeigh tChange
410
Weight Maintenance
416
WHOLE GRAINS
422
ZINC Deficiency Disorders and Prevention Programs
431
Physiology Dietary Sources and Requirements
437
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About the author (2012)

Dr. Caballero is Professor of International Health at the Bloomberg School of Public Health, and Professor of Pediatrics at the School of Medicine, Johns Hopkins University. He has over 20 years of experience as a scholar, researcher and leader in the area of child health and nutrition. He obtained his MD from the University of Buenos Aires and his PhD (in neuroendocrine regulation) from MIT. He started his faculty career at Harvard Medical School, and moved to Johns Hopkins in 1990 to found the Center for Human Nutrition.

Dr. Caballero is a recognized expert on the nutritional needs of children and adults, and on nutrient requirements in undernourished populations. For the past 10 years, he has focused on the problem of childhood obesity in the US and in developing countries, and explored the impact of dietary transition and globalization on health indicators. He is an active participant in key scientific committees advising the US government on issues of diet and health, including the Dietary Reference Intakes (DRI) Committee, the Expert Panel on Macronutrient Requirements, and the Food and Nutrition Board of the Institute of Medicine, National Academy of Sciences. He was a member of the Dietary Guidelines for Americans Advisory Committee, and is currently a member of the Scientific Advisory Board of the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) and of the International Life Sciences Institute (ILSI).

Dr. Caballero is an active leader in the area of global health, specifically on diet, lifestyle and disease risk. He is Chairman of the Board of the Pan American Health and Education Foundation, in Washington, D.C., and member of the Board of Directors of the International Nutrition Foundation, in Boston, MA. He is a member of the Steering Committee of the Centers of Excellence Network of the Global Health Initiative, National Institutes of Health. Recent awards include the Ancel Keys Prize for achievements in international public health and the Thompson-Beaudette Lectureship from Rutgers University. In 2011 he was named to the Spanish Academy of Nutritional Sciences.

Dr. Caballero is the author of over 150 scientific publications. He is the Editor-in-Chief of the Encyclopedia of Food Sciences and Nutrition, a 10-volume work on food production, consumption and biological effects. He is also Editor-in-Chief of the Encyclopedia of Human Nutrition, which received the Book of the Year Award from the British Medical Association. His Guide to Dietary Supplements summarizes the current scientific basis for the use of mineral and vitamin supplements. His book The Nutrition Transition: Diet and Disease in the Developing World explored the impact of demographic and economic development on diet- and lifestyle-related diseases in developing countries. His book Obesity in China summarizes research conducted in rural and urban China to track the impact of socioeconomic development on health outcomes. He is also co-editor of the most widely used textbook in human nutrition, Modern Nutrition in Health and Disease.

Andrew Prentice is Professor of International Nutrition at the London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine. He leads the Medical Research Council's International Nutrition Group which is based in London and The Gambia. His research interests have encompassed human energy metabolism and obesity as well as maternal and child nutrition in developing

countries.

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