Anomie and Violence: Non-truth and Reconciliation in Indonesian Peacebuilding
ANU E Press, Mar 1, 2010 - Political Science - 501 pages
Indonesia suffered an explosion of religious violence, ethnic violence, separatist violence, terrorism, and violence by criminal gangs, the security forces and militias in the late 1990s and early 2000s. By 2002 Indonesia had the worst terrorism problem of any nation. All these forms of violence have now fallen dramatically. How was this accomplished? What drove the rise and the fall of violence? Anomie theory is deployed to explain these developments. Sudden institutional change at the time of the Asian financial crisis and the fall of President Suharto meant the rules of the game were up for grabs. Valerie Braithwaite's motivational postures theory is used to explain the gaming of the rules and the disengagement from authority that occurred in that era. Ultimately resistance to Suharto laid a foundation for commitment to a revised, more democratic, institutional order. The peacebuilding that occurred was not based on the high-integrity truth-seeking and reconciliation that was the normative preference of these authors. Rather it was based on non-truth, sometimes lies, and yet substantial reconciliation. This poses a challenge to restorative justice theories of peacebuilding.
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Aceh Acehnese adat Ambon anomie Aspinall attacks Brimob bupati capitulation cent Central Kalimantan Central Sulawesi Chapter Chinese Christian and Muslim civil society colonial combatants commanders commitment Consensus Contested but credible corruption crime Dayak dialogue disengagement district Drexler Dutch East Timor elites escalation ethnic cleansing fighters fighting Freeport grievance groups highlands human rights illegitimate opportunities important independence indigenous Indonesian military insurgency interviewed Islamic Jakarta Javanese Jayapura jihadists justice killed Klinken land Laskar Jihad leadership Madurese Makians Malay Malifut Malino merdeka migrants militias mobilisation mosque motivational postures Muslim negotiations networks non-truth North Maluku organised peace process peacebuilding Peacebuilding Compared peacemaking players police political Poso post-conflict President province provocateurs refugees reintegration religious leaders resource riots security forces separatist side special autonomy subdistrict Suharto Sultan Ternate Tidore traditional Truth and Reconciliation ulamas village violence Wahid weapons West Kalimantan West Papua women