Balkan Economic History, 1550-1950: From Imperial Borderlands to Developing Nations

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Indiana University Press, 1982 - History - 728 pages

Western economic historians have traditionally concentrated on the success stories of major developed economies, while development economists have given most of their attnetion to the problems of the Third World. The authors of this pioneering work study a part of Europe neglected by both approaches. Modernizing patterns in Balkan economic history are traced from the sixteenth century (when the territory was shared by Ottoman and Habsburg empires), through the nineteenth century (when they emerged as independent states), to the end of World War II and its aftermath. Despite present differences in economic systems--Greece's private market economy, Yugoslavia's planned market economy, and the centrally planned economies of Romania, Bulgaria, and Albania--the authors find that shared origins and common subsequent experiences are ample justifications for treating the area as an economic unit. Balkan Economic History, 1550-1950 will be a major case study for development economists and will provide historians with the first analytical and statistical study to survey the entire region from the start of the early modern period.

 

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Contents

New Markets in the Old Empires from
15
The Economic Legacy of Ottoman Domination
21
The Economic Legacy of Habsburg Domination
50
The Romanian Principalities between
80
86 The Economics of the Russian Règlement
90
ganique 90 Foreign Trade in the Habsburg Orbit
99
The Serbian National Economy and Habsburg
109
Cutthroat Competition under the State Council 119
119
the Gold Standard 212 Variations on a European
225
Industrial Stirrings and the Sources of Growth
237
MiniSpurts after 1900 238 Immigrant and Native
253
Banks 253 Limited Penetration by the European Great
260
Economic Development in
278
War and Economic Development 19121950
323
The Disruption of Prewar
329
Agriculture 191030
334

The Demand for Commercial Banking
125
The Bulgarian Lands in a Declining Ottoman Economy
133
Bulgarian ProtoIndustrialization for the Ottoman Mar
139
ket 139 Belated Ottoman Reform vs the Bulgarian
146
Modernization in the New NationStates
155
Indicators of Aggregate Growth 160 Central vs West
192
Financial Consequences of Political Independence
202
Building State Railways and the First Foreign Loans
208
Reappraising Peasant Agriculture under the Reforms
351
The Disruption of Prewar
376
The Economic Consequences of the Second World War
520
Postwar Industrialization
576
NOTES
601
BIBLIOGRAPHY
688
INDEX
715
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