Plants and Mechanical Motion: A Synthetic Approach to Nastic Materials and Structures

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Norman M. Wereley, Janet M. Sater
DEStech Publications, Inc, 2012 - Technology & Engineering - 259 pages
Beginning with the basics of plant motion, this book explains technologies for translating plant-like movements to new adaptive materials, with explicit reference to helicopter and aeronautic applications. The first part of the book focuses on energy transport strategies using transport protein pressurization, ion intercalation, electrosmosis/electromigration and closed-cell gas generation. Part two concentrates on the mechanics and applications of fluidic muscle-like materials bioinspired by fibrillar plant tissue for use in soft robotics, biomimetic robots, and morphing aeronautical structures. Each chapter covers analytical models, test results, design and troubleshooting. The information in the text is meant to assist materials scientists and engineers to initiate research and design in the field of nastic materials and structures.
 

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Contents

4
86
Achieve Helicopter Blade Twist
99
Flexible Matrix Composite based MultiCellular
115
Actuators for Biomimetic Underwater
167
Final Discussion and Conclusions
235
Index
255
Copyright

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About the author (2012)

Dr. Janet M. Sater received her M.S. and Ph.D. degrees in Materials Science and Engineering from Purdue University and her B.S. (Honors) in Metallurgical Engineering from Grove City College. She is currently a research staff member in the Science and Technology Division of the Institute for Defense Analyses. In this role, she acts as an independent technical advisor to the Department of Defense and its various agencies on a variety of subjects. These subjects include nastic materials and structures, morphing aircraft and spacecraft, smart/multi-functional/adaptive materials and structures, compact hybrid actuators, exoskeletons, robotics, and materials and structures R&D policy. Dr. Sater actively participates on technical committees in several professional societies including AIAA, ASME, ASM International, and the American Helicopter Society. She has also been involved with the CANSMART International Workshop on Smart Materials and Structures and the SPIE Smart Structures and Materials Symposium, including the Industrial and Commercial Applications Conference. Dr. Sater has also participated on independent technical review panels in the area of smart materials and structures for the Army Research Office and NASA. She has authored/co-authored more than 55 publications and presentations, including a number of invited talks and plenary presentations and a book chapter on future aerospace structures technologies. She received the SPIE Smart Structures and Materials Lifetime Achievement Award in 2006.Norman M. Wereley, University of Maryland

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