CK-12 Chemistry - Second Edition

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CK-12 Foundation, Oct 14, 2011 - Science
CK-12 Foundation's Chemistry - Second Edition FlexBook covers the following chapters:Introduction to Chemistry - scientific method, history.Measurement in Chemistry - measurements, formulas.Matter and Energy - matter, energy.The Atomic Theory - atom models, atomic structure, sub-atomic particles.The Bohr Model of the Atom electromagnetic radiation, atomic spectra. The Quantum Mechanical Model of the Atom energy/standing waves, Heisenberg, Schrodinger.The Electron Configuration of Atoms Aufbau principle, electron configurations.Electron Configuration and the Periodic Table- electron configuration, position on periodic table.Chemical Periodicity atomic size, ionization energy, electron affinity.Ionic Bonds and Formulas ionization, ionic bonding, ionic compounds.Covalent Bonds and Formulas nomenclature, electronic/molecular geometries, octet rule, polar molecules.The Mole Concept formula stoichiometry.Chemical Reactions balancing equations, reaction types.Stoichiometry limiting reactant equations, yields, heat of reaction.The Behavior of Gases molecular structure/properties, combined gas law/universal gas law.Condensed Phases: Solids and Liquids intermolecular forces of attraction, phase change, phase diagrams.Solutions and Their Behavior concentration, solubility, colligate properties, dissociation, ions in solution.Chemical Kinetics reaction rates, factors that affect rates.Chemical Equilibrium forward/reverse reaction rates, equilibrium constant, Le Chatelier's principle, solubility product constant.Acids-Bases strong/weak acids and bases, hydrolysis of salts, pHNeutralization dissociation of water, acid-base indicators, acid-base titration, buffers.Thermochemistry bond breaking/formation, heat of reaction/formation, Hess' law, entropy, Gibb's free energy. Electrochemistry oxidation-reduction, electrochemical cells.Nuclear Chemistry radioactivity, nuclear equations, nuclear energy.Organic Chemistry straight chain/aromatic hydrocarbons, functional groups.Chemistry Glossary
 

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Contents

Solubility Graphs
Colligative Properties
Separating Mixtures
Reactions Between Ions in Solutions
Chemical Kinetics
Collision Theory
Potential Energy Diagrams
Factors That Affect Reaction Rates

Evaluating Measurements
Graphing
Matter and Energy
Properties and Changes of Matter
Energy
The Atomic Theory
Further Understanding of the Atom
Atomic Structure
The Bohr Model of the Atom
Atoms and Electromagnetic Spectra
The Bohr Model of the Atom
The Quantum Mechanical Model of the Atom
Characteristics of Matter
Quantum Numbers Orbitals and Probability Patterns
The Electron Configuration of Atoms
Valence Electrons
Electron Configuration and the Periodic Table
Families and Periods of the Periodic Table
Chemical Periodicity
Periodic Trends in Atomic Size
Periodic Trends in Ionic Size
Periodic Trends in Ionization Energy
Periodic Trends in Electronegativity
Periodic Trends in Electron Affinity
Ionic Bonds and Formulas
Ionic Compounds
Writing Ionic Formulas
Naming Ionic Compounds
Covalent Bonds and Formulas
Covalent Formulas and Nomenclature
Electronic and Molecular Geometry
The Geometrical Arrangement of Electrons and Molecular Shape
The Mole Concept
The Mole
Percent Composition
Empirical and Molecular Formulas
Chemical Reactions
Balancing Chemical Equations
Types of Reactions
Stoichiometry
Stoichiometric Calculations
Limiting Reactant
Percent Yield
The Behavior of Gases
Gases
Gases and Pressure
Gas Laws
Universal Gas Law
Molar Volume
Stoichiometry Involving Gases
Solids and Liquids
Intermolecular Forces of Attraction
Ionic Metallic and Network Condensed Phases
Vapor Pressure and Boiling
Heat and Changes of State
Phase Diagrams
Solutions and Their Behavior
Solution Formation
Measuring Concentration
Factors Affecting Solubility
Multistep Reaction
Chemical Equilibrium
Equilibrium Constant
The Effects of Applying Stress to Reactions at Equilibrium
Slightly Soluble Salts
Acids and Bases
Arrhenius Acids and Bases
The pH Concept
Strength of Acids and Bases
Br°nstedLowry Acids and Bases
Lewis Acids and Bases
Neutralization
Titration
Buffers
Thermochemistry
Enthalpy
Spontaneous Processes
Entropy
Gibbs Free Energy
Electrochemistry
Oxidation Reduction
Balancing Redox Equations Using the Oxidation Number Method
Electrolysis
Galvanic Cells
Nuclear Chemistry
Nuclear Notation
Nuclear Force
Nuclear Disintegration
Nuclear Equations
Radiation Around Us
Applications of Nuclear Energy
Organic Chemistry
Hydrocarbons
Aromatics
Functional Groups
Biochemical Molecules
Chemistry Glossary
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About the author (2011)

CK-12 Foundation is a non-profit organization with a mission to reduce the cost of textbook materials for the K-12 market both in the U.S. and worldwide. Using an open-content, web-based collaborative model termed the “FlexBook,” CK-12 intends to pioneer the generation and distribution of high quality educational content that will serve both as core text as well as provide an adaptive environment for learning. Visit Us: http://www.ck12.org

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