War and Genocide in Cuba, 1895-1898

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Univ of North Carolina Press, Dec 8, 2006 - History - 352 pages
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From 1895 to 1898, Cuban insurgents fought to free their homeland from Spanish rule. Though often overshadowed by the "Splendid Little War" of the Americans in 1898, according to John Tone, the longer Spanish-Cuban conflict was in fact more remarkable, foreshadowing the wars of decolonization in the twentieth century.

Employing newly released evidence--including hospital records, intercepted Cuban letters, battle diaries from both sides, and Spanish administrative records--Tone offers new answers to old questions concerning the war. He examines the origin of Spain's genocidal policy of "reconcentration"; the causes of Spain's military difficulties; the condition, effectiveness, and popularity of the Cuban insurgency; the necessity of American intervention; and Spain's supposed foreknowledge of defeat.

The Spanish-Cuban-American war proved pivotal in the histories of all three countries involved. Tone's fresh analysis will provoke new discussions and debates among historians and human rights scholars as they reexamine the war in which the concentration camp was invented, Cuba was born, Spain lost its empire, and America gained an overseas empire.



 

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Contents

2 The Origins of Cuban Independence
15
A Dream of Cuba
31
4 Emilio Calleja and the Failure of Reform
43
5 Máximo Gómez and Total War
57
6 Antonio Maceo and the Battle of Peralejo
69
7 The Cuban Liberation Army
81
8 The Spanish Army
97
Defending the Indefensible
113
13 The Death of Maceo
179
14 Reconcentration
193
15 The Monster and the Assassin
225
16 The Jingoes
239
17 Frascuelo versus Edison
251
18 The Splendid Disaster
273
Notes
289
Bibliography
315

10 Mal Tiempo and the Romance of the Machete
123
11 The Invasion of the West
139
The Butcher
153

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About the author (2006)

John Tone is professor of history at the Georgia Institute of Technology. He is author of the award-winning The Fatal Knot: The Guerrilla War in Navarre and the Defeat of Napoleon in Spain (from The University of North Carolina Press).

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