Response to Revolution: Imperial Spain and the Spanish American Revolutions, 1810-1840
This book examines the Spanish response, military, economic and social, to the anti-imperial revolutions of Latin America in the early nineteenth century. History has for the most part concentrated on the heroic careers of the great liberators of America: but what did Spaniards themselves think of Simón Bolivar and his fellow revolutionaries? How did they view the events in America? What policies were adopted, what were their effects on Spanish trade and the merchants who conducted it, and what action did Spain take to meet American demands or to suppress them? It is with these and many related questions that this study is concerned. Analysing a broad spectrum of Spanish opinion which reflects the views of politicians, diplomats, merchants, journalists, the military and others, Professor Costeloe explains how Spaniards responded to revolution and how in retrospect, in the aftermath of defeat, they regarded the end of their nation's long role as a major imperial power.
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the view from Spain
The military solution
The logistics of reconquest
Economic and commercial reform
The aftermath of imperial decline
A new relationship
The diplomatic initiative
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advisers Antonio army attitude August Banda Oriental Barcelona Britain British mediation Buenos Aires Cadiz Cadiz merchants Caracas Casa Cevallos colonies Comercio Comision de Reemplazos commercial committee concessions Conde Consejo de Estado Consejo de Indias constitutional constitutionalists consulado Cortes Council councillors debate Delgado Diario diplomatic Duque economic emancipation empire envoys España Estado 87 example favour Ferdinand Fernando VII force foreign free trade free trade controversy French Garay Havana Heredia Historia Ibid idea imperial independence Indies insurgents January Jose July June Junta liberal Madrid Memorias Mexico military reconquest Minister of Ultramar monopoly Montevideo Morillo negotiations November October offered official opinion overseas peninsula persuade Peru Pizarro Planes españoles political proposed provinces rebels reform Regency regime restored revolutions River Plate River Plate expedition royal San Carlos sent September ships Spain Spaniards Spanish apathy talks told Ultramar Vazquez Figueroa Venezuela Veracruz warships