The Oxford Handbook of Skepticism
OUP USA, Sep 25, 2008 - Philosophy - 610 pages
In the history of philosophical thought, few themes loom as large as skepticism. Skepticism has been the most visible and important part of debates about knowledge. Skepticism at its most basic questions our cognitive achievements, challenges our ability to obtain reliable knowledge; casting doubt on our attempts to seek and understand the truth about everything from ethics, to other minds, religious belief, and even the underlying structure of matter and reality. Since Descartes, the defense of knowledge against skepticism has been one of the primary tasks not just of epistemology but philosophy itself. The Oxford Handbook of Skepticism features twenty-six newly commissioned chapters by top figures in the field. Part One contains articles explaining important kinds of skeptical reasoning. Part Two focuses on responses to skeptical arguments. Part Three concentrates on important contemporary issues revolving around skepticism. As the first volume of its kind, the articles make significant contributions to the debate on skepticism.
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antiskeptical appear argue Austin Berkeley Cambridge Cartesian causal certainty challenge claim closure principle cognitive coherentism common sense conception conclusion consider context contextualist deny depends Descartes direct realism doubt dream argument eliminativism entails epistemic principles epistemological skepticism epistemology Ernest Sosa error theories evidence example existence experience explain external world externalist fact fallibilism false foundationalism foundationalist God’s reality Hume Hume’s hypothesis idea induction inference inferential intuitive judgment justified belief justified in believing Kant kind knowledge live skeptic metaphysical moral moral realism nature nonexternalist objects one’s one’s belief Oxford University Press perfectly authoritative philosophical plausible position possible worlds premise priori problem proposition Pyrrhonian Pyrrhonian Skepticism question radical skepticism realism reason Reid reject relativism relevant reliabilism reliabilist reliable religious skeptics requires response to skepticism seems self-evident simply skeptical arguments skeptical hypotheses sort Sosa supervolcano suppose theory things true belief truth understanding warrant Wittgenstein