The Targums: A Critical Introduction

Front Cover
BRILL, Aug 25, 2011 - Religion - 557 pages
The value and significance of the "targums" translations of the Hebrew Bible into Aramaic, the language of Palestinian Jews for centuries following the Babylonian Exile lie in their approach to translation: within a typically literal rendering of a text, they incorporate extensive exegetical material, additions, and paraphrases that reveal important information about Second Temple Judaism, its interpretation of its bible, and its beliefs. This remarkable survey introduces critical knowledge and insights that have emerged over the past forty years, including targum manuscripts discovered this century and targums known in Aramaic but only recently translated into English. Prolific scholars Flesher and Chilton guide readers in understanding the development of the targums; their relationship to the Hebrew Bible; their dates, language, and place in the history of Christianity and Judaism; and their theologies and methods of interpretation. With clear presentation of current research and the issues involved, including the Targums and the New Testament, and a rich bibliography, this is the most complete and up-to-date introduction to the Targums. An outstanding, highly recommended achievement. Martin McNamara, "Emeritus Professor of Scripture, Milltown Institute, Dublin, Ireland"
 

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Contents

SECTION II The Pentateuchal Targums
69
SECTION III The Targums of the Prophets and the Writings
167
SECTION IV The Targums in LateAntique Judaism
265
SECTION V The Targums and Early Christianity
383
SECTION VI Conclusions and Prospects
437
Appendix A The Parallel Expansions of Genesis 2850
495
Appendix B A Guide to Babylonian Pointing
499
Glossary
501
Bibliography
511
Index
541
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About the author (2011)

Paul V. M. Flesher is Associate Professor of Religious Studies and Director of the Religious Studies Program at the University of Wyoming. Flesher helped establish the International Organization for Targumic Study and is the founding editor of the series Studies in the Aramaic Interpretation of Scripture. Bruce Chilton is Bernard Iddings Bell Professor of Religion at Bard College in Annandale, New York. His previous books include "The Glory of Israel," "Targumic Approaches to the Gospels," and "A Galilean Rabbi and His Bible."