The Chinese Written Character as a Medium for Poetry: A Critical Edition
Fordham Univ Press, Aug 25, 2009 - Foreign Language Study - 256 pages
First published in 1919 by Ezra Pound, Ernest Fenollosa's essay on the Chinese written language has become one of the most often quoted statements in the history of American poetics. As edited by Pound, it presents a powerful conception of language that continues to shape our poetic and stylistic preferences: the idea that poems consist primarily of images; the idea that the sentence form with active verb mirrors relations of natural force. But previous editions of the essay represent Pound's understanding-it is fair to say, his appropriation-of the text. Fenollosa's manuscripts, in the Beinecke Library of Yale University, allow us to see this essay in a different light, as a document of early, sustained cultural interchange between North Americaand East Asia.Pound's editing of the essay obscured two important features, here restored to view: Fenollosa's encounter with Tendai Buddhism and Buddhist ontology, and his concern with the dimension of sound in Chinese poetry.This book is the definitive critical edition of Fenollosa's important work. After a substantial Introduction, the text as edited by Pound is presented, together with his notes and plates. At the heart of the edition is the first full publication of the essay as Fenollosa wrote it, accompanied by the many diagrams, characters, and notes Fenollosa (and Pound) scrawled on the verso pages. Pound's deletions, insertions, and alterations to Fenollosa's sometimes ornate prose are meticulously captured, enabling readers to follow the quasi-dialogue between Fenollosa and his posthumous editor. Earlier drafts and related talks reveal the developmentof Fenollosa's ideas about culture, poetry, and translation. Copious multilingual annotation is an important feature of the edition.This masterfully edited book will be an essential resource for scholars and poets and a starting point for a renewed discussion of the multiple sources of American modernist poetry.
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abstract action adjective beauty Beinecke Rare Book Buddhism Cantos China Chinese and Japanese Chinese character Chinese language Chinese poetry Chinese words Chinese Written Character Chinese Written Language color concrete Confucian Confucius copula culture deﬁne deﬁnition draft dynasty East English ERNEST FENOLLOSA essay etymology European example express Ezra Pound Archive Ezra Pound Papers Fenollosa Papers ﬁeld ﬁgure ﬁnal ﬁnd ﬁre ﬁrst ﬁve folder force harmony human ideals ideogram ideographic inﬁnite inﬂected inﬂuence intransitive Japan Japanese Poetry Kano Hogai Lecture Literature Logic Mandarin meaning metaphor Murakata nature noun ofChinese ofEzra ofits oflanguage ofnature ofour ofpoetry ofthe ofthe Chinese ofthis ofwords original overtones philosophy phonetic picture poem poet poetic primitive processes prose Qu Yuan reﬂection rhyme roots sound speciﬁc speech spirit stanza Sung dynasty symbols things thought tion tone transitive verbs translation truth University Press verbal verse visible vivid wealth Western