The Arya Samaj Movement in South Africa
The Arya Samaj movement is essentially a religious institution but became a significant force in India's religious and secular struggle for social and cultural self-determination. Its founding in 1875 presaged the creation of independent India in 1947. This work does not attempt a detailed examination of the movement but provides an outline of its growth and philosophy in the light of the work of its founder Swami Dayanand Sarasvati. the complex of institutions and upliftment programmes initiated by the Samaj and the major historical forces which acted to shape the movement are a cause for considerable pride.
The Arya Samaj was one of several socio-religious movements which were founded in the nineteenth century. It was however responsible for constructing some of the best known educational institutions in north India. The repercussions of this were felt by emigrant Indian communities in such places as mauritius, South Africa and Guyana. What started then as a small religious sect has now grown into a religious denomination of considerable influence. In South Africa the Arya Pratinidhi Sabha is one of the best known Hindu organisations wielding influence among the north Indian segment of the Hindu population.
advocated affiliated Annual Report Arya Pratinidhi Sabha Arya Samaj movement Arya Samaj principles Arya Samajists Arya Yuvak Sabha Aryan Aryan Benevolent Home behaviour belief Bhawani Dayal Brahmin ceremony Christian commitment concept contribution cultural Dayananda Sarasvati Dayananda's views Delhi Dharma Sabha discussion doctrine Durban emancipation establishment eternal ethical existence expression faith followed Gujarati Gurukula havan Hindi Hindu community Hindu Maha Sabha Hindu organisations Hindu society Hinduism Ibid ideals important India Indian influence inspired institutions Islam Jan Gyan Prakashan knowledge Kuper Mandal movement in South Muslim Natal Nikhilananda pain Pandit Nardev Pareek philosophy Pietermaritzburg preaching programme Puranas REFERENCES reform religion religious practice revelation Rg Veda ritual salvation Sanatanis Sanskrit Sastrartha Satyartha Prakash scripture Shastri Singh social soul South Africa spiritual Suddhi Swami Dayananda teachers teachings theological traditional University University of Durban-Westville Upanisad values Veda Niketan Vedalankar Vedic religion Vedic Truth women worship