Manual of Mythology: For the Use of Schools, Art Students, and General Readers Founded on the Works of Petiscus, Preller, and Welcker

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Asher, 1873 - Mythology - 399 pages
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Page 124 - Phaeton immediately asked to be permitted for one day to drive the chariot of the sun. The father repented of his promise; thrice and four times he shook his radiant head in warning. "I have spoken rashly," said he; "this only request I would fain deny.
Page 102 - Of her strife and competition with Hera and Athene for the prize of beauty, which the Trojan prince, Paris, awarded to her, we shall give an account later on, in connection with the narrative of the Trojan war. As a result of her power to unite by means of love all beings, whether in heaven, or earth, or in blackest Tartaros, she came to be viewed as a goddess presiding over married life and marriage ceremonies.
Page 228 - Penates, whose presence was symbolized by images in the form of a youth wearing a short tunic, girt at the waist, and holding a horn of plenty in one hand, and a patera, or flat circular dish, in the other. Such images of the Lares and Penates were kept in a particular part of the house called the Lararium, received constant offerings of incense and libations, and were decked with garlands of violets and rosemary.
Page 159 - Was a deity unknown to the Greeks, but from the earliest times held in high estimation by the Romans, who placed him on almost an equal footing with Jupiter, even giving his name precedence in their prayers, and invoking the aid of both deities previous to every undertaking. To him they ascribed the origin of all things, the introduction of the system of years, the change of season, the ups and downs of fortune, and the civilization of the human race by means of agriculture, industry, arts, and religion.
Page 235 - Minor were the graves of the heroes. The imposing tumuli at the entrance to the Hellespont, for instance, were viewed as the tombs of Achilles, Patroklos, and Ajax. Sanctuaries and temples were erected to heroes, their bones were searched for, and when found regarded as a great source of strength to the town that possessed them ; all relics of their stay on earth were hallowed, and a form of worship was specially adapted to them. In later times the heroes came to be identified more or less with the...
Page 46 - ... traveller, which he pretended to be. Bidding him welcome to the house, they set about preparing for their guest, who was accompanied by Hermes, as excellent a meal as they could afford, and for this purpose were about to kill the only goose they had left, when Zeus interfered; for he was touched by their kindliness and genuine piety, and that all the more because he had observed among the other inhabitants of the district nothing but cruelty of disposition and a habit of reproaching and despising...
Page 104 - Apollo. _J sprung into life, fully armed, from the head of Zeus, with its thick black locks, all heaven and earth shaking meanwhile, the sea tossing in great billows, and the light of day being extinguished. Zeus, it was said, had previously swallowed his wife Metis (Intelligence), to prevent her giving birth to a son. The operation of laying his head open, that Pallas might come forth, was performed by Hephaestos (Vulcan), or, according to other versions of the story, Prometheus. There is, however,...
Page 86 - Greece, and afterwards to Rome. Upon the preservation of this figure depended, the people believed, the safety and existence of the Roman empire. Her priestesses, six in number, were called vestal virgins, their duty being to feed the sacred flame of her temple, and to present sacrifices and prayers for the welfare of the state. To this office they were chosen by the high-priest, who was styled Pontifex maximus. They wore robes of white, with a fillet round the hair, and a veil, additional ornaments...
Page 108 - The flute, too, was her invention. As became the goddess of war, it was her duty to instruct men in the art of taming horses, of bridling and yoking them to the war-chariot — a task which we find her performing in the story of Bellerophon, for whom she bridled the winged horse Pegasos; and in the story of Erichthonios, at Athens, the first mortal who learned from her how to harness horses to chariots. In a word, she was the protectress of all persons employed in art and industry, of those whose...
Page 206 - Rome, and is known to us through copies of it made by other sculptors. to exercise his influence over the hearts of deities as well; and to show him in this light, he was represented at times now with the symbol of one god, now of another. To the later age of Hellenistic and Roman poetry and art belongs the touching story of Psyche — a personification, as she appears to have been, of a soul filled with the passion of love, and as such conceived under the form of a small winged maiden, or, at other...

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