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_ w _ 9 variations Aa Aa aA2a aiuqng amongst anthropometric appear arranged Bengal bifurcation cards combined result Composites core creases despatch box exhibited finger impressions finger prints Flles formula Galton Government of India hand digit horizontal row Illustrations index a Loop index a Whorl index and middle index fingers India INDIAN CIVIL SERVICE inner terminus large accumulations Lateral Pockets left hand left index left middle left thumb length of left letters marks measurements middle a Whorl middle being Loops millimetres outer terminus pair pattern personal equation pigeon-hole police primary classification number radial Loops record recurving ridge result of ridge ridge begins abruptly ridge counting ridge tracing ridge whose course right hand right index right middle right thumb searcher slab specialised subclass subclassification subdivisible Subfile subgroups taken Tented Arches thumb impression tion Twinned Loops ulnar Loops utilised variations in denominator variations in numerator
Page 13 - ... features. The dimensions of the limbs and body alter in the course of growth and decay; the color, quantity, and quality of the hair, the tint and quality of the skin, the number and set of the teeth, the expression of the features, the gestures, the handwriting, even the eye color, change after many years. There seems no persistence in the visible parts of the body except in these minute and hitherto disregarded ridges.
Page 98 - ... (2) The classification of the descriptions must be such that on the arrest of an old offender who gives a false name his record may be found readily and with certainty. "(3) When the case has been found among the classified descriptions, it is desirable that convincing evidence of identity should be afforded.
Page 23 - TENTED ARCHES. In patterns of. the arch type, the ridges near the middle may have an upward thrust, arranging themselves as it were on both sides of a spine or axis, towards which adjoining ridges converge. The ridges thus converging give to the pattern the appearance of a tent or outline, hence the name "Tented Arch
Page 98 - The classification of the description must be such that, on the arrest of an old offender who gives a false name, his record may be found readily and with certainty. (3) When the case has been found among the classified descriptions, it is desirable that convincing evidence of identity should be afforded. In that same report it is acknowledged that Mr. Galton's finger-print method completely met the first and third conditions, but they disapproved of his method of classification. Mr. Henry's method...
Page 33 - ... before taking a downward course, while the stream ZF, continuing in the direction of the parent stream DZ, passes away to the left. In Fig. 20 the ridges about the core are elliptical in form. Fig. 21 exhibits a single spiral whorl. Fig. 22 a double spiral. Fig. 23 is that of an impression which may be called almond-shaped. In some patterns the spiral appears to revolve in the same direction as the hands of a watch, in others this revolution is in the opposite direction; great variety is noticeable...
Page 13 - ... absolutely no change in, say, 699 out of 700 of the numerous characteristics of the markings of the fingers of the same person such as can be impressed by him wherever it is desirable to do so. Neither can there be any change after death up to the time when the skin perishes through decomposition: for example, the marks on the fingers of many Egyptian mummies and on the paws of stuffed monkeys still remain legible. Very good evidence and careful inquiry is thus seen to justify the popular idea...
Page 50 - ... blood spots, might be the culprit. There was suspicion also against the relatives of a woman with whom the murdered man had a liaison, also against a wandering gang of Kabulis of criminal propensities who had lately encamped in the neighbourhood.
Page 69 - Primary classification. — The "rolled" impressions of the digits are recorded in their natural order of thumb, index, middle, ring, and little finger — those of the right hand being in line above, immediately below them the impressions of the corresponding digits of the left hand. At the bottom of the slip the " plain " impressions of the index, middle, and ring fingers of both hands are also taken.
Page 15 - By this means the ridge surface of the finger between the nail boundaries is inked, and, by pressing it lightly upon paper in the same way that it was pressed upon the inked slab, a clear rolled impression of the finger surface is obtained.
Page 33 - ... 22 CENTRAL POCKET LOOPS. It frequently happens in patterns of the Loop type that the ridges immediately about the core deviate in course from the general course of the other ridges. Such impressions may therefore be said to possess features which require their being defined as Loops in respect of the majority of their ridges and Whorls in respect of the appearance of the few ridges which occupy a space immediately about the centre, a delta more or less faintly defined having in consequence made...