A Study in Anti-Gnostic Polemics: Irenaeus, Hippolytus and Epiphanius
Gnostic beliefs presented themselves as a major challenge to Irenaeus of Lyons (Against Heresies, ca. A.D. 180), Hippolytus of Rome (the presumed author of the Elenchos Against All Heresies, post-A.D. 222), and Epiphanius of Salamis (Panarion, A.D. 374-77). What was at stake for them were life-and-death issues; the nature of Christianity and the question of truth. While recent manuscript finds shed new light on gnostic thought, the writings of the heresiologists are still indispensable—for knowledge of gnostic teaching but also of "what certain influential authors in the emergence of catholic Christianity considered ... the pivotal point on which Christianity would stand or fall." The writings of these three heresiologists, observes Vall e, offer "excellent illustrations of what heresiology was in three successive centuries" and how it developed. Their influence on the style of Christian polemics was decisive and lasting. Valll e analyzes the arguments of each of the three heresiologists in order to discern the central concerns of each.
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Adv.haer Adversus haereses already ancient heresies Antignostische apostolic arguments attack Book Brox Callistus Carpocratians character Christ Christentum Christian heresies Christian polemics Church concept of heresy concerning context Creator creed demiurge divine doctrine Doutreleau dualism early Christian eighty heresies elements Elenchos encountered Encratites Epiphanius Epiphanius's eschatological exposition faith Gnosis gnostic heresies gnostic movement gnostic views Gnostische groups haer Hellenism heresiarch heresiologists heretics Hilgenfeld Hippolytus Irenaeus Irenaeus's refutation Irenaeus‘s Jesus Judaism Justin Ketzergeschichte Koschorke Leipzig Lyon Marcion McMaster University Montanism Montanismus Montanist Montanist movement Nag Hammadi Texts Nautin normative Offenbarung opponents Origen pagan Pan.de fide Pan.haer Panarion Paris philosophical Philosophumena Polemik polemists present question Refutatio omnium haeresium refuting heresies religions religious represent Reynders Riggi saint Irénée salvation scripture sects seems serpents social sources teachings tenets Tertullian theological Theologische thesis third century thought tradition truth unity Wisse writings
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