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advantage affairs archduke arms army attacked authority battle bishops cardinal cardinal Richelieu Catholic cause Charles XII church clergy commanded Conde conquests consent courage court Cromwell crown czar dangerous death declared defeated despotism dispute dominions dreadful duke of Lorraine duke of Orleans duke of Savoy Dutch edict elector elector of Bavaria elector palatine emperor empire enemy England English Europe fanaticism favour France French gained gave genius Germany glory greatest hatred Holland honour Jesuits king king's kingdom laws league Leopold liberty likewise lost Louis XIII Louis XIV manner marechal master ment minister misfortunes monarchy nation negociations notwithstanding obliged Palatine parliament peace Peter Philip pope prejudices prince prince of Orange principal Protestants provinces queen refused reign religion restored Richelieu Rome ruin Russians siege soon sovereign Spain Spaniards Spanish Spanish monarchy success Sweden thing thousand throne tion took treaty troops Turenne Turks victory vigour zeal
Page 317 - second, having endeavoured to subvert the constitution of " the kingdom, by breaking the original contract between " king and people — and, by the advice of Jesuits and other " wicked persons, having violated the fundamental laws, " and having withdrawn himself out of this kingdom — has " abdicated the government, and that the throne is thereby
Page 346 - ... bequeath the whole Spanish monarchy to the duke of Anjou, grandson of Louis XIV. 2. Such was the astonishment of all Europe at beholding a prince of the Bourbon family ascend the throne of Spain, that all the powers except the empire remained for some time in perfect tranquillity. The duke of Anjou, under the name of Philip V. set out to take possession of the crown, and his grandfather said to him at parting, there are no more Pyrennees. 3. In Italy the resistance to the will of Charles II....
Page 439 - He carried all the virtues of heroes to an excess, at which they are as dangerous as their opposite vices. His resolution, hardened into obstinacy, occasioned his misfortunes in the Ukraine, and detained him five years in Turkey ; his liberality, degenerating into profusion, ruined Sweden ; his courage...
Page 173 - To maintain that the sun is placed immoveable in the centre of the world, is an opinion absurd in itself, false in philosophy, and formally heretical, because it is expressly Contrary to the Scriptures ; to maintain that the earth is not placed in the centre of the world, that it is not immoveable, and that it has even a daily motion of rotation is also an absurd proposition, false in philosophy, and at least erroneous in point of faith.
Page 172 - And, on the contrary, how ours has expanded, not only with our eyes, but even more with the instruments we have applied to them! Galileo and the telescope is the classic example; who has not envied him, for his first glimpses of the mountains of the moon, the satellites of Jupiter, the phases of Venus, the banked starclouds of the Milky Way? During those few months in 1609-10 there occurred the greatest expansion of man's mental horizons that has ever occurred in the whole history of science. The...
Page 399 - ... your obligations to God; recollect that you owe to him all that you are. Endeavour to preserve peace with your neighbours. I have been too fond of war; do not imitate me in that, any more than the excessive expenses I have gone into. Take counsel in every thing, and endeavour to know what is best, that you may always follow it. Relieve your people as soon as possible, and do what I have had the misfortune not to be able to do myself.
Page 341 - Spain's indignation at this parcelling out of his dominions may be more easily conceived than expressed. Anxious to preserve his empire entire, he made a will, by which he bequeathed the whole of it to the prince of Bavaria. That young prince, however, died suddenly. Louis and...
Page 264 - The richest families, and those which were most zealous for liberty, prepared to flee into the farthest part of the world, and embark for Batavia. They took a list of all the vessels capable of making the voyage, and made a calculation of the numbers they could embark. It was found that fifty thousand families could take refuge in their new country. Holland would no more have existed, but at the extremity of the East Indies. Its provinces in Europe, which purchase their corn only with the riches...
Page 16 - ... title we possess), I have delivered it from slavery and ruin. I desire at present to restore it to its former power and to its ancient splendour. Participate, my subjects, in this second glory, as you have participated in the first. I have not called you hither, as my predecessors have done, to force you blindly to approve my will. I have caused you to be assembled to receive your counsels, to believe them, to follow them, and, in a word, to put myself in guardianship under your hands. This is...