Chemical Process Design
Chemical process design involves the invention or synthesis of a process to transform raw materials into a desired product. Using a minimum of mathematics, this book offers chemical engineers a complete guide to selecting & connecting the steps for a well-designed process. Flowsheet synthesis, the choice of reactor & separator, distillation sequencing, & economic trade-offs are explored in detail. Special emphasis is placed on energy efficiency, waste minimization, & health & safety considerations, with worked examples & case studies presented to illustrate important points.
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The Hierarchy of Chemical Process Design
Choice of Reactor
Choice of Separator
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ATmin azeotrope batch benzene capital cost catalyst Chem Chemical Engineers ChERD chloride cold streams cold utility components concentration considered cooling water decreases distillation column dryers emissions endothermic energy enthalpy interval ethylene ethylene oxide example exothermic exothermic reactions feed Figure flow rate flowsheet fuel grand composite curve heat duty heat exchanger network heat integration heat pump heat recovery heat transfer coefficients heuristic hot stream hot utility hydrogen hydrogen chloride IChemE increases inert Institution of Chemical liquid match methane minimize minimum number mixture monoethanolamine multiple reactions number of shells number of units operation optimization overall oxide particles percent phase pinch pinch temperature possible prefractionator pressure purge raw materials reactants reactor conversion reactor effluent reboiler reduce refrigeration reproduced by permission separation and recycle sequence shown in Fig shows simple columns solid split stoichiometric temperature difference thermally coupled toluene tradeoff treatment triethanolamine turbine vapor vinyl chloride waste