Rules of civility: the 110 precepts that guided our first president in war and peace

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Free Press, Feb 1, 1997 - Biography & Autobiography - 90 pages
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In the early eighteenth century, a young George Washington copied out by hand 110 rules for civil behavior in a little notebook. These rules, borrowed from a text used by generations of Jesuit tutors, provided a common-sense framework for any young gentleman who hoped to rise in society. Washington took these rules very much to heart; he carried the hand-written list throughout his life, from the coldest day at Valley Forge to the triumph at Yorktown, and through all eight years of his distinguished presidency.
Our first president was in many ways an ordinary man who, through singular self-discipline, rose to greatness. But his progress was no accident. As biographer Richard Brookhiser explains, Washington was fastidious about hewing to a strict code of conduct, courtesy, and honor. Clearly, it was this deliberate, disciplined way of approaching life's difficulties that vaulted Washington ahead of his luminous peers - intellectual giants like Jefferson, Franklin, and Hamilton - and into a position of leadership.
What can we learn today from Washington's example? In his commentary on Washington's Rules of Civility, Brookhiser demonstrates how seemingly simple notions like courtesy, respect, honesty, and humility contribute more to worldly success than the Machiavellian traits that modern politicians seem to revere. In stark contrast with today's political and business leaders, Washington frowned upon those who relied on cleverness, sensitivity, stubbornness, or impetuousness to get ahead. Material success without honor, he believed, was worthless.
Though at first glance many of Washington's rules may seem quaint or outdated, Brookhiser makes their meaning and relevance clear for modern readers surfeited with false sophistication, and seriously proposes that we follow the modest example of perhaps the greatest American who ever lived. This edition of Rules of Civility, enlivened by Richard Brookhiser's insightful and witty commentary on how these rules could, and should, apply today, is more than a quaint historical curiosity. Rules of Civility offers real-world instruction in the lost art of self-discipline with tried and true wisdom and uncommon clarity.

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About the author (1997)


Richard Brookhiser is the author of "America's First Dynasty: The Adamses, 1735-1918" (2002), "Alexander Hamilton, American" (1999), "Founding Father: Rediscovering George Washington" (1995), and "The Way of the WASP" (1991), all published by Free Press. He is a senior editor at "The National Review" and a "New York Observer" columnist. He contributes to such publications as "The Atlantic Monthly, American Heritage, " and "The New York Times." He lives in New York City.

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