The Conquest of Texas: Ethnic Cleansing in the Promised Land, 1820–1875

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University of Oklahoma Press, Feb 14, 2019 - History - 506 pages

This is not your grandfather’s history of Texas. Portraying nineteenth-century Texas as a cauldron of racist violence, Gary Clayton Anderson shows that the ethnic warfare dominating the Texas frontier can best be described as ethnic cleansing.

The Conquest of Texas is the story of the struggle between Anglos and Indians for land. Anderson tells how Scotch-Irish settlers clashed with farming tribes and then challenged the Comanches and Kiowas for their hunting grounds. Next, the decade-long conflict with Mexico merged with war against Indians. For fifty years Texas remained in a virtual state of war.

Piercing the very heart of Lone Star mythology, Anderson tells how the Texas government encouraged the Texas Rangers to annihilate Indian villages, including women and children. This policy of terror succeeded: by the 1870s, Indians had been driven from central and western Texas.

By confronting head-on the romanticized version of Texas history that made heroes out of Houston, Lamar, and Baylor, Anderson helps us understand that the history of the Lone Star state is darker and more complex than the mythmakers allowed.


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Demythologizing Texas
At the Dawn of the American Invasion
The Texas Creed in a Tejano and Indian Land
Mexican Politics and the Struggle to Settle Early Texas
The Muddle of Early Mexican Federalism
Centralists and the Struggle for Texas Land
The Americanization of Texas
The Texas Creed and the Clouds of
The Boundary Line Fiasco
Lines Politics Depredations and the U S Army
General Persifor Smith and the Salvation of Texas
Reservations or Concentration Camps?
The Plan
Anarchy and Total War
The Final Exodus
Indians and the Civil

Revolution and the Rumor of Indian
Indian Intransigence
Sam Houston the Legislature and a Failed Indian Policy
Lamar His Generals and Ethnic Cleansing
The Indians Last Stand in Central Texas
The Failure of WellIntended Efforts
The Final Ethnic Cleansing of Texas

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About the author (2019)

Gary Clayton Anderson, Professor of History at the University of Oklahoma, is author of The Conquest of Texas: Ethnic Cleansing in the Promised Land, 1820–1875. His book The Indian Southwest, 1580–1830: Ethnogenesis and Reinvention won the Angie Debo Prize and the publication award from the San Antonio Conservation Society.

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