The Two Gods of Leviathan: Thomas Hobbes on Religion and Politics

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Cambridge University Press, Feb 20, 2003 - Philosophy - 452 pages
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As well as being considered the greatest English political philosopher, Hobbes has traditionally been thought of as a purely secular thinker, highly critical of all religion. In this provocative new study, Professor Martinich argues that conventional wisdom has been misled. In fact, he shows that religious concerns pervade Leviathan and that Hobbes was really intent on providing a rational defense of the Calvinistic Church of England that flourished under the reign of James I. Professor Martinich presents a close reading of Leviathan in which he shows that, for Hobbes, Christian doctrine is not politically destabilizing and is consistent with modern science.
 

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Contents

Considerations upon the reputation and religion of Mr Hobbes
19
ATHEISM BY CONSEQUENCE
22
INTELLECTUAL COURAGE AND PHYSICAL COWARDICE
30
ATHEISTS AND ARMINIANS
32
Religion
40
THEOLOGICAL CONCEPTS IN THE INTRODUCTION TO LEVIATHAN
43
RELIGION
50
Law morality and God
69
God
185
THE EXISTENCE OF GOD
192
THE NATURE AND LIMITS OF TALK ABOUT GOD
195
THE TRINITY
203
FAITH AND REASON
208
Revelation prophets and miracles
220
REVELATION
222
PROPHETS
228

Power obligation and justice
71
THE STATE OF NATURE AND JUSTICE
74
OBLIGATION
87
Law
100
RIGHT AND LAW
102
THE NATURE OF LAW
112
LAW AND SELFINTEREST
116
THE LAWS OF NATURE AS DICTATES OF REASON
120
COUNSELS AND COMMANDS
128
RATIONALISM AND VOLUNTARISM
132
WHAT SURVIVES OF THE SECULARIST AND THE TAYLORWARRENDER THESES
134
The history and idea of covenants
136
COVENANT FAITH AND MERIT
137
COVENANT THEOLOGY
143
HOBBES ON LAYING DOWN OF RIGHT
150
THE ORIGIN OF OBLIGATION
155
LAWS OF NATURE AND NATURAL PUNISHMENTS
157
Sovereignmaking covenants
161
PERSON AUTHOR ACTOR
165
AUTHORIZATION AND AUTHORITY
167
SOVEREIGNTY BY INSTITUTION AND SOVEREIGNTY BY ACQUISITION
175
GOD AND COVENANTS
181
Religion within the limits of science and politics
183
MIRACLES
236
Angels and eschatology
247
HELL
257
HEAVEN
260
SALVATION AND REDEMPTION
267
The church
279
THE THEOCRATIC STRUCTURE OF HISTORY
285
THE MISSION OF THE CHURCH
296
WORSHIP
299
THE ESSENCE OF CHRISTIANITY
305
Scripture
311
THE CANON OF THE BIBLE
316
THE KINGDOM OF DARKNESS
320
THE BENEFICIARIES OF THE KINGDOM OF DARKNESS
329
THE CATHOLIC CHURCH AND THE KINGDOM OF FAIRIES
331
Conclusion
333
Curley on Hobbes
339
Skinner on Hobbes
354
The frontispiece to Leviathan
362
Notes
369
Bibliography
397
Index
423
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