Satricum in the Post-archaic Period: A Case Study of the Interpretation of Archaeological Remains as Indicators of Ethno-cultural Identity
How can material culture be related to written history? The archaeological record of ancient Satricum (Borgo, Le Ferriere, Latium) pents an interesting case study. During the fifth and fourth centuries BC, the area was reportedly invaded by the Volscians. This Central-Italian people had long been archaeologically invisible, but recent investigations at Satricum have brought to light a rich record of material remains from precisely this period. The question is: does it reflect a Volscian presence or prove the continued occupation of the original, Latin inhabitants? This study argues that the material culture does indeed reflect a Volscian presence, but that it in no way confirms the barbarian image presented by ancient sources such as Livy. Marijke Gnade has lectured on Italian Archaeology at the University of Amsterdam since 1987. After participating in the Satricum Research Project for ten years, she became its executive director in 1991. Her first book on the subject, The Southwest Necropolis of Satricum, was published in 1992.
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Satricum in the PostArchaic Period
The Volscians in Historiography
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acropolis Alfedena ancient Antium archaeological record architectural terracottas augite basin black-glazed Bouma bowl brown coarse clay bucchero child burials chronology clay reddish yellow Coarelli coarse ware Colonna Cornell Curving wall decoration depurated clay Diam dump stratum encircling ethnic everted lip evidence excavation fabric fifth century finds foundation trench fourth centuries fragments Frosinone Gnade graves grey core Guaitoli Heldring identified impasto Iron Age Late-Archaic road Latial Latin Latium Lavinium Lazio Livy Maaskant-Kleibrink Mater Matuta miniature pale brown parallels phase Poggio dei Cavallari Pometia pottery probably QuadAEI Quilici references remains road wall Roman Rome roof-tiles rounded rim Satricum side similar sixth Southwest Necropolis Stibbe structure temple terracottas thickened rim town tufa tufa blocks tufa chunks tufa lumps Velitrae vessels Volsci Volscians Votive Deposit votive gifts votive layer wall alb wall/rim weapons White coarse clay white tufa