Indology, Indomania, and Orientalism: Ancient India's Rebirth in Modern Germany
Investigating the growth of Indology (the study of East Indian texts, literature, and culture) and the diffusion of this knowledge about ancient India within nineteenth-century Germany, this work contextualizes approaches to contact by historically grounding them in a contemporary history of German culture, education, and science. It answers the historical anomaly of why Germany had more nineteenth-century experts in the academic discipline of Indology than all other European powers combined. German interest in ancient India developed because it was useful for widely varying German projects, including Romanticism and nationalism. German Indologists made successful arguments about the cultural and intellectual relevance of ancient India for modern Germany, leaving an ambiguous legacy including a deeper appreciation of South Asian culture as well as scholarly justifications for the warlike image of a Swastika-bearing Aryan "master race." Douglas T. McGetchin is Assistant Professor of History at Florida Atlantic University.
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List of Figures and Tables
List of Abbreviations
A Comparison of Indology in England and France
A Foundation Ancient India and the German Cultural Sphere
The Study of Sanskrit in German Universities 18181914
Reaching the Public
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A. W. von Schlegel Albrecht Weber ancient India Anglicist argued Aryan Asia Asian Asiatique Berlin Bonn British Buddha Buddhism Buddhistische Che´zy Christian classical colonial comparative linguistics cultural Delhi developed discipline England English Ernst Windisch Europe European ﬁeld ﬁgures ﬁrst Florists Forster France Franz Bopp French Friedrich Schlegel fu¨r Georg Forster German German Indologists German University Geschichte Go¨ttingen Greek Hegel Herder History homeland Ibid Indian literature Indischen Indo-European Indo-Germanic connection Indologists Indology inﬂuence intellectual interest Karl languages Leipzig manuscripts Max Mu¨ller missionary modern India Mohl Moriz Winternitz Nazi nineteenth century ofﬁcial Oriental Renaissance Orientalist Oxford Paris philology philosophy Prussia racist reﬂected religion reprint Romantic Sakuntala Sanskrit scholars Sanskrit studies Sanskritists scholarship Schopenhauer Schwab scientiﬁc Seidenstu¨cker Sengupta signiﬁcant Socie´te Society Stache-Rosen study of Sanskrit swastika texts Theodor Benfey Theosophical tion translation Tu¨bingen u¨ber Ueber die Sprache University Press Veda Verlag Whitney Wilhelm von Humboldt William Dwight Whitney wrote York