Religious Freedom in the World

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Paul A. Marshall
Rowman & Littlefield, 2008 - Political Science - 499 pages
Religious Freedom in the World profiles 101 countries and territories, which between them contain more than 95 percent of the world's population, and uses a clearly comprehensible numeric scale to rank the level of religious freedom found in each. It also provides separately derived measures of government regulation of religion, government favoritism of religion, and social regulation of religion. The countries have been selected so that the survey represents each continent, major religion, and geographic area; covers countries with large populations; describes particularly egregious violators of religious freedom; and adequately illustrates variations within regions. The survey is not a catalog of the rights of 'religious people.' The persecution of all people of any or no religion should be equally as offensive in our eyes as that of believers in any particular religion. Furthermore, since most people in the world profess to be believers of one kind or another, then such a survey would necessarily include most of the world's human rights violations of whatever kind. Rather, the focus is on the denial to anyone of rights of a particular kind, those connected with practicing one's religion, and the denial of rights for a particular reason, because of the religious beliefs of those who are persecuted and/or those who persecute. Finally, in line with most human rights treaties, this survey covers freedom of 'religion or belief.' There are beliefs that, functionally, take the place of explicitly religious beliefs, and these, too, should be protected. Atheists and agnostics may also suffer loss of freedom of 'religion or belief' and, in turn, may deny such freedom to others.
 

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Contents

The Range of Religious Freedom
1
Secular and Religious Church and State
12
Religious Freedom and National Security
17
A Story of Accelerating Erosion
23
European Trends
28
Trends in the Balkans and Southeastern Europe
33
The Former Soviet Union
37
Religious Freedom and Socioeconomic WellBeing
42
Numbers and Statistics in Profiles
445
Criteria for Profiles of Religious Freedom
449
Checklist of Elements of Religious Freedom Score
451
Grim and Finke 2006 International Religious Indexes Questionnaire
477
Country Religious Freedom Scores
486
GRI GFI and SRI Scores
490
Methodological Note Nature and Correlation of Indices
495
Dimensions of Restricted Religious Freedom
496

Economics and Religion
48
Country Profiles
55
The Nature of Religious Freedom
441
About the Editor and Contributors
499
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About the author (2008)

\Paul A. Marshall is a senior fellow at the Hudson Institute's Center for Religious Freedom. He is the author and editor of over twenty books on religion and politics, especially religious freedom, including Radical Islam's Rules: the Worldwide Spread of Extreme Sharia Law (Rowman & Littlefield, 2005) and God and the Constitution: Christianity and American Politics (Rowman & Littlefield, 2002).

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