Marine Interstitial: Poecilostomatoida and Cyclopoida (copepoda) of Australia
The prime function of the interstitial system is the processing of organic material flushed into the sand. It functions as a carbon sink, which has significant implications in this age, in which we are trying to fight carbon levels in the atmosphere. Copepods are top predators here and thus crucially important. This book presents the first data about cyclopoid and poecilostomatoid copepods from the Australian marine interstitial. It includes one new cyclopoid family, the second record of the poecilostomatoid family Polyankyaliidae, one new genus, and 21 new species. A zoogeographic analysis of the copepods recorded emphasizes the importance of looking at small-scale patterns when inferring Gondwanaland biogeography, and a number of distinct zoogeographic regions is now becoming apparent in Australia.
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aesthetasc Anal somite antenna apical seta armature armed with three basal bipinnate Boxshall breaking planes cephalothorax copepods copulatory pore coxa cuticular pore Cyclopina cyclopoid distal endite distal margin dorsal view exopod and endopod exopodal seta Fifth leg fig fifth pedigerous somite four-segmented fourth leg fourth swimming leg fused G. O. Sars geniculate genital double somite genus greatest width hair-like spinules holotype holotype female Hyaline fringe inner distal corner inner margin inner seta intercoxal sclerite Karanovic Karratha Labrum Length ratio long as outer long as ramus long as wide male mandibula maxilla maxilliped maxillula Nauplius Neocyclops one-segmented operculum ornamented outer margin outermost ovipores palp pinnate setae plesiomorphic plumose praecoxa Queensland row of spinules Second endopodal segment setae slender setal formula Shark Bay Sixth leg smooth seta South Australia species spiniform spinules along outer subapical syncoxa third endopodal segment three-segmented twice as long two-segmented unipinnate unornamented urosome ventral ventral view Western Australia