A System of Physical Education: Theoretical and Practical

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Clarendon Press, 1885 - Gymnastics - 516 pages
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Page 74 - The muscular additions to the arms and shoulders and the expansion of the chest were so great as to have absolutely a ludicrous and embarrassing result; for before the fourth month several of the men could not get into their uniforms, jackets, and tunics without assistance; and when they had got them on, they could not get them to meet down the middle by a hand's breadth.
Page 24 - Yes, it is health rather than strength that is the great requirement of modern men at modern occupations ; it is not the power to travel great distances, carry great burdens, lift great weights, or overcome great material obstructions ; it is simply that condition of body, and that amount of vital capacity, which shall enable each man in his place to pursue his calling, and work on in his working life, with the greatest amount of comfort to himself and usefulness to his fellow-men.
Page 83 - The joints, which are made for motion — which retain their power of motion only by frequent motion — have been held motionless. The muscles, which move the joints by the contraction and relaxation of their fibres, have been subjected to an unvaried preservation of the one state or the other — the muscles of the trunk in unremitting contraction, those of the limbs in effortless relaxation. Now, one of the most important of the laws which govern muscular action is, that it shall be exerted but...
Page 23 - ... other demands upon mind and body, advance claims as urgent as ever were pressed upon the soldier in ancient or modern times. From the nursery to the school, from the school to the college, or to the world beyond, the brain and nerve strain goes on — continuous, augmenting, intensifying. Scholarships, competitive examinations, speculations, promotions, excitements, stimulations, long hours of work, late hours of rest, jaded frames, weary brains, jarring nerves — all intensified and intensifying...
Page 16 - Let no one undervalue this source of information : it gives the seal to all experimental knowledge ; it confirms or refutes all theories. This was the lamp which guided the ancients in the selection of the exercises which formed their system of bodily training. They observed that the strength of the body, or of any part of the body, was in relation to its muscular development, and that this development followed upon, and was in relation to, its activity or employment. They did not know that man's...
Page 72 - ... /The first detachment of non-commissioned officers, twelve in number, sent to me to qualify as Instructors for the Army were selected from all branches of the service. They ranged between nineteen and twentynine years of age, between five feet five inches and six feet in height, between nine stone two pounds and twelve stone six pounds in weight, and had seen from two to twelve years
Page 22 - None. Here the observation of results was unequal to the requirement. They could reach no higher — they aimed no higher — than the production of a series of athletic games, suitable to the young, the brave, the active, the strong, the swift, and the nobly born. Our knowledge of physiological science is something more valuable than this. A system of bodily exercise which should give added strength to the strong, increased dexterity to the active, speed to the already fleet of foot, is not what...
Page 55 - Mr. Maclaren has well observed in his excellent work on "Physical Education,'31 that "a most important principle in exercise, and one that should ever be borne in mind, is that it should be regulated by individual fitness; for the exercise that scarcely amounts to exertion in one person, will be injurious and dangerous to another; and not only is this inequality observable among different individuals, but the same individual may have parts of his body possessing special power or presenting special...
Page 79 - And this must be viewed as the first attempt to bring a knowledge of the structure and functions of the human body to bear upon its culture— the first attempt to lift such culture above the mere " do them good" of other men. The echo of this good report was heard in Germany ; and Prussia, eager to avail herself of every agent which could strengthen her army, adopted it, with some additions and limitations, to form a part of the training of her recruits. But, going even beyond Ling, the supporters...
Page 80 - ... few articles of apparatus employed, for the sake of the advantages which they specially offer to the soldier, being erected in a corner of them. And this continuity of practice increases manifold whatever good it can yield ; and thus, although meagre and inadequate, its fruits are valuable.

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