The Ethnic Revival

Front Cover
CUP Archive, Oct 29, 1981 - Social Science - 240 pages
Since the Second World War, the world has witnessed a remarkable efflorescence of ethnic feeling and nationalist aspirations. Among Bretons, Basques, Scots, Welsh, Flemish, Quebecois, Catalans, Kurds, Ibo, Somali, and a host of other communities, ethnic movements demanding much greater autonomy, or even independence, have sprung up. Originally published in 1981, this book explores the ethnic separatisms and 'neo-nationalisms' that, at the time, threatened to undermine the fragile stability of the world order and to annul liberal and cosmopolitan dreams of world government and a universal scientific culture. What were the underlying causes of this ethnic revival? Why did it assume worldwide proportions? Anthony D. Smith claims that to uncover the cultural root and mental spring of the ethnic renaissance we must look to the development of a sense of history that first arose in eighteenth-century Europe.
 

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Contents

AN ETHNIC REVIVAL?
8
Modern ethnic strategies
15
UNEVEN DEVELOPMENT
26
Imperialism and underdevelopment
37
Uneven development
43
The loss of community
52
Ethnonationalism
58
Ethnie and regions
64
The naturalness of ethnicity
85
BUREAUCRACY AND THE INTELLIGENTSIA
108
STATE INTEGRATION AND ETHNIC SCHISM
134
ACCOMMODATION AND NEOETHNICITY
152
neonationalism
163
TOWARDS THE SCIENTIFIC STATE
184
Notes
198
Bibliography
218

Agrarian mores and mass sentiments
70
The periodisation of ethnicity
79

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